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Table 6 Audit instrument for school environment

From: EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth (ENERGY) project: Design and methodology of the ENERGY cross-sectional survey

Interview to the canteen/school shop administrator  
Canteen/school shop 1. How many days per week is the canteen/school shop operated?
2. What are its hours of operation?
3. Does the canteen/shop sell/offer any meals? (0 = No; 1 = Yes, breakfast; 2 = Yes, lunch; 3 = Yes, other)
4. What are the main product groups sold in the canteen? (1 = Sandwiches; 2 = Hot meals; 3 = Drinks; 4 = Salt/sweet snacks/cakes; 5 = Other)
5. Who owns/run the canteen/school shop? (1 = The school; 2 = Parents; 3 = Private; 4 = Other)
6. Who decides what is offered in the canteen/school shop? (1 = The school management; 2 = The canteen/shop manager' 3 = Pupils; 4 = Other)
7. What are the three most sold food products in the canteen/school shop?
8. What are the three most sold drink items in the canteen/school shop?
9. Is it possible for students to stay in the canteen/school shop before/after breaks? (0 = No; 1 = Yes)
10. Is there fresh drinking water offered in the canteen? (0 = No; 1 = Yes, for free; 2 = Yes, for sale)
11. Does the school make profit on canteen/school shop from products' sales or as rent to the company/person who is running the canteen/school shop? (0 = No; 1 = Yes; 2 = NA; If Yes, how much?)
12. How does the school use that profit?
Vending machines 1. What types of vending machine(s) are available? (type; N° of machines; location)
2. What are the three most sold food products in the vending machine(s)?
3. What are the three most sold drink items in the vending machine(s)?
4. How often are the vending machines refilled?
5. Are there any restrictions on hours of operation/accessibility of vending machines? (0 = No; 1 = Yes; if Yes please explain)
6. Are any vending machines owned and operated by the school? (0 = No; 1 = Yes)
7. Does the school make profit on vending machine(s) from product sales or as rent to the company/person who is running the vending machine(s)? (0 = No; 1 = Yes; 2 = n/a; If Yes, how much?
8. How does school use that profit?
Subscription programs 1. Name of program (i.e. School fruit scheme)
2. Offered products
3. Offered by whom? (1 = Government; 2 = Large/national food company; 3 = Small/local food company; 4 = Other)
4. Paid by whom? (1 = By governments; 2 = By the school; 3 = By parents; 4 = Other)
5. How administrated in the school? (1 = By staff paid from school; 2 = Parents; 3 = Other)
Food/drink registration  
Canteen/school shop- Products Observation Form (product; gr/portion; Kcal/portion; No of products; Comments)
1. Bread‐products (e.g. tuna sandwich, egg sandwich, cheese pie)
2. Hot meals
3. Drinks (e.g. coca cola, sprite, fanta, fruit juice, water, milk, ice tea, tea, coffee)
4. Snacks/cakes/candies (e.g. chips, mars, gingerbread)
5. Fruits and Vegetables 6. Other (e.g. salads)
7. Attach a photograph(s) of the canteen/school shop, so that is well visible what products are placed on and behind the counter.
8. Attach a photograph(s) of the wider area of the school shop/canteen, so that the facilities/dining area are well visible.
Vending machines 1. Indicate where the vending machine is located (e.g. canteen/school shop, entrance, hallway).
2. Type of machine (e.g. beverage, snack, mixed)
3. Is the machine currently on and available to students or is it turned off? (0 = Off; 1 = On) Products Observation Form (product; gr/portion; Kcal/portion; No of products; Comments)
1. Bread‐products (e.g. tuna sandwich, egg sandwich, cheese pie)
2. Drinks (e.g. coca cola, sprite, fanta, fruit juice, water, milk, ice tea, tea, coffee)
3. Snacks/cakes/candies (e.g. chips, mars, gingerbread)
4. Other
5. Attach a photograph(s) of the vending machine(s), so that the products available are well visible.
6. Attach overview photograph(s) of the location(s) of the vending machine(s), in which the biggest part of the machine is visible (Location of the machines in the canteen/school shop needs to be visible).
Observation forms  
Food and drink advertising 1. Are there any food or beverage advertisements in the following locations (tick applicable options)? (1 = In the canteen school shop; 2 = On vending machines; 3 = In school buildings; 4 = On school grounds, including the outside of school buildings, on playing fields, or other areas of school; 5 = Other (please clarify)
2. Please indicate the types of food/beverages advertised: a) Food (0 = No food advertisements; 1 = Fruits and vegetables; 2 = Bread products (e.g. sandwiches, pies); 3 = Snacks, cakes, candies; 4 = Other (please clarify) b) Beverages (0 = No beverage advertisements; 1 = 100% fruit juice; 2 = Sweetened drinks (incl. fizzy drinks); 3 = Diet drinks; 4 = Milk; 5 = Water; 6 = Other (please clarify)
Bicycle parking area (designated by the school) 1. Is the bicycle parking covered (i.e. by a roof/shed)? (0 = No; 1 = Yes; 2 = Partly)
2. Is the bicycle parking visible from the public road? (0 = No; 1 = Yes)
3. Is there supervision at the bicycle parking? (0 = No; 1 = Yes, if Yes: 1 = Doorkeeper; 2 = Camera; 3 = Reception; 4 = Other
4. Is the bicycle parking surrounded by a fence? (0 = No; 1 = Yes)
5. Are there bicycle racks? (0 = No; 1 = Yes)
6. How many bicycles can be placed in the racks? (count 1 bicycle rack, multiply number of racks, count up all the racks with different sizes)
7. Is the bicycle parking full of bicycles? Number of bikes: Full > 75%; Mean 25 - 75%; Empty < 25%
8. Attach an overview photograph of the bicycle parking
Physical activity equipment (loose) for recess Available equipment (0 = No; 1 = Yes; N°; Condition (e.g. new, clean, damaged, poor quality)
1. Footballs
2. Basketballs
3. Volleyballs
4. Other balls:
5. Rackets (i.e. tennis, badminton, squash)
6. Bandy/hockey sticks
7. Bats (i.e. baseball)
8. Skipping ropes
9. Jump bands (elastics)
10. Frisbees
11. Other (i.e. seasonal equipment)
12. Other____________
13. If possible, attach an overview photograph of the room/box for keeping the equipment 6b.
14. If possible, attach an overview photograph of the type of equipment
Indoor sport facilities Available facilities (0 = No; 1 = Yes; N° of facilities; Condition (e.g. new, clean, damaged, poor quality)
1. Gym
2. Swimming pool
3. Weight training facilities.
4. Gender specific changing rooms
5. Shower facilities
6. Other
7. If possible, attach an overview photograph of the indoor gym
8. If possible, attach an overview photograph of the equipment for the indoor gym
Outdoor sport facilities Available facilities (0 = No; 1 = Yes; N° of facilities; Condition (e.g. new, clean, damaged, poor quality)
1. Football field
2. Basketball field
3. Volleyball/badminton/tennis fields with net
4. Other marked fields for ballgames: __________
5. Paint/marks for other games
6. Play area with swings, slides etc (for young children)
7. Table tennis
8. Track and field (running, jumping, throwing)
9. Obstacle course/Jungle path
10. Climbing (walls, trees)
11. Skateboard area
12. Other:_____________
13. Attach an overview photograph of the outdoor sport facilities
14. Attach an overview photograph of the outdoor sport facilities
Other information about the school outdoor area 1. What kinds of surfaces are present? (1 = Asphalt/paved; 2 = Grass; 3 = Gravel; 4 = Sand; 5 = Rocks; 6 = Nature/woods; 7 = Other)
2. How is the topography? (1 = Flat; 2 = Hilly; 3 = Combination of both; 4; Other)
3. How is the school's outdoor area separated from the neighbourhood? (1 = Fence/Hedge; 2 = No clear boundaries; 3 = Other)
4. Are there other things present? (1 = Plants/trees; 2 = Benches (and tables); 3 = Drinking fountains; 4 = Other)
5. General appearance of the outdoor area
a. Clean (0 = No; 1 = Yes)
b. Safe (0 = No; 1 = Yes)
c. Inviting (0 = No; 1 = Yes)
6. If relevant, attach a photograph of a physical activity promoting characteristic of this school
7. If relevant, attach a photograph of barriers to physical activity characteristic of this school