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Table 3 Individual, behavioural, psycho-social, and environmental correlates of active school transports in elementary school students

From: Mode shifting in school travel mode: examining the prevalence and correlates of active school transport in Ontario, Canada

  To school     From school    
  Unadjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI Unadjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI
Socio- demographic         
Grade         
   Grade 7 1   1   1   1  
   Grade 8 0.96 0.71-1.29 0.83 0.59-1.16 1.01 0.74-1.38 0.95 0.65-1.38
Sex         
   Boys 1   1   1   1  
   Girls 1.04 0.77-1.40 1.00 0.72-1.37 1.01 0.77-1.33 0.85 0.59-1.23
Weight status         
   Normal weight 1   1   1   1  
   Overweight/Obese 1.05 0.76-1.46 0.83 0.60-1.33 1.21 0.88-1.66 0.90 0.59-1.36
Years of highest parent education 0.87** 0.78-0.97 0.83** 0.75-0.92 0.90* 0.82-0.99 0.86** 0.78-0.96
Parent born abroad         
Both/one parent born in Canada - -    1   1  
Both born abroad - -    1.77* 1.06-2.97 0.97 0.53-1.79
Having car at home         
   No 1   1   1   1  
   Yes 0.20*** 0.11-0.37 0.22** 0.08-0.61 0.25*** 0.12-0.50 0.34 0.10-1.09
Behavioural         
MVPA         
   0-4 day/wk 1   1   1    
   ≥5 days/wk 0.91 0.70-1.19 1.27 0.95-1.71 0.85 0.60-1.19 1.19 0.77-1.84
Psychological         
Perceived physical health         
   Fair/poor - -    1   1  
   Excellent/very good/good - -    1.90* 1.11-3.24 2.20* 1.23-3.92
Decision-making on mode choice         
Never/rarely/
sometimes
1   1   1   1  
   Often/always 1.70** 1.18-2.46 1.35 0.89-2.05 2.04*** 1.43-2.90 1.73** 1.11-2.69
Environmental         
Travelled to/from school         
   0-15 minutes 1   1   1   1  
   16-30 minutes 0.38*** 0.20-0.70 0.40** 0.20-0.80 0.38** 0.21-0.67 0.45* 0.25-0.81
   ≥31 minutes 0.07*** 0.03-0.20 0.11** 0.03-0.32 0.23*** 0.11-0.47 0.40* 0.19-0.85
Living in urban area         
   Rural 1   1   1   1  
   Urban 5.17*** 2.14-12.48 3.00** 1.29-6.98 5.72*** 2.60-12.59 4.84*** 2.05-11.42
Regions         
   Toronto 1   1   1   1  
   North 0.25* 0.08-0.77 0.27* 0.10-0.70 0.27* 0.09-0.86 0.31* 0.10-0.98
   West 0.50 0.24-1.04 0.71 0.31-1. 60 0.43* 0.19-0.97 0.71 0.27-1.85
   East 0.24** 0.10-0.57 0.43 0.15-1.22 0.20** 0.08-0.51 0.40 0.12-1.28
  1. *** p < 0.001;** p < 0.01;* p < 0.05
  2. OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval. Only the unadjusted and adjusted ORs and CIs of variables are included in the final models reported in this table.