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Table 5 Factors associated with child ever receiving iron supplementation (univariate logistic regression)

From: Factors Influencing Receipt of Iron Supplementation by Young Children and their Mothers in Rural India: Local and National Cross-Sectional Studies

Factor Total Population Iron supplements received (345/375) Iron supplements not received (30/375)   p
  N Prevalence n (% [95% CI]), Mean [95% CI], or Median [Range] N Prevalence n (% [95% CI]), Mean [95% CI], or Median [Range] N Prevalence n (% [95% CI]), Mean [95% CI], or Median [Range] Odds Ratio [95% CI] for receipt of iron  
Wealth quintile 1, 4         
Quintile 1 402 77 (19.2 [15.3, 23.0]) 77 24 (31.2 [20.6, 41.8]) 77 53 (68.8 [58.3, 79.4]) Reference  
Quintile 2 402 71 (17.7 [13.9, 21.4]) 71 25 (35.2 [23.8, 46.6]) 71 46 (64.8 [53.4, 76.2]) 1.20 [0.61, 2.38] 0.602
Quintile 3 402 91 (22.6 [18.5, 26.7]) 91 35 (38.5 [28.3, 48.6]) 91 56 (61.5 [51.4, 71.7]) 1.38 [0.73, 2.62] 0.324
Quintile 4 402 79 (19.7 [15.8, 23.6]) 79 37 (46.8 [35.6, 58.1]) 79 42 (53.2 [41.9, 64.4]) 1.95 [1.01, 3.74] 0.046
Quintile 5 402 84 (20.9 [16.9, 24.9]) 64 46 (54.8 [43.9, 65.6]) 84 38 (45.2 [34.4, 56.1]) 2.67 [1.40, 5.10] 0.003
Mother's age (years) 2 374 23.2 [22.8, 23.6] 161 23.1 [22.6, 23.6] 212 23.3 [22.8, 23.8] 0.98 per year [0.93, 1.04] 0.555
Child's age (months) 2 401 17.2 [16.8, 17.5] 165 17.0 [16.5, 17.5] 235 17.3 [16.8, 17.7] 0.98 per month [0.92, 1.04] 0.445
Maternal Education 1         
0 374 89 (23.8 [19.5, 28.1]) 89 31.5 [21.6, 41.3] 89 68.6 [58.7, 78.4] 1.00 (Reference)  
1-6 years 374 45 (12.0 [8.7, 15.3]) 45 53.3 [38.2, 68.5] 45 46.7 [31.5, 61.8] 2.49 [1.19, 5.20] 0.015
7-9 years 374 117 (31.3 [26.6, 36.0]) 117 40.2 [31.2, 49.2] 117 59.8 [50.8, 68.8] 1.46 [0.82, 2.61] 0.199
10 years 374 98 (26.2 [21.7, 30.7]) 98 48.0 [37.9, 58.0] 98 52.0 [42.0, 62.1] 2.01 [1.10, 3.65] 0.022
11+ years 374 25 (6.7 [4.1, 9.2]) 25 60.0 [39.4, 80.6] 25 40.0 [19.4, 60.6] 3.27 [1.31, 8.17] 0.011
Literate mother 1 373 259 (69.4 [64.7, 74.1]) 259 48.3 [42.1, 54.4] 259 51.7 [45.6, 58.9] 2.02 [1.27, 3.21] 0.003
Birth order 3 377 2 [1, 5] 161 2 [1, 5] 215 2 [1, 5] 0.91 [0.70, 1.19] 0.495
Religion/Caste 1         
Hindu, non SC/ST 5 389 209 (53.7 [48.8, 58.7]) 209 101 (48.3 [41.5, 55.2]) 209 108 (51.7 [44.8, 58.5]) 1.00 (Reference)  
Scheduled Caste 389 99 (25.4 [21.1 29.8]) 99 34 (34.3 [24.8, 43.9]) 99 65 (65.7 [56.1, 75.2]) 0.56 [0.34, 0.92]) 0.022
Scheduled Tribe 389 61 (15.7 [12.1, 19.3]) 61 25 (41.0 [28.3, 53.6]) 61 36 (59.0 [46.3, 71.7]) 0.74 [0.42, 1.32]) 0.313.
Muslim 389 20 (5.1 [2.9, 7.4]) 20 1 (5.0 [0.0, 15.5]) 20 19 (95.0 [84.5, 100.0]) 0.06 [0.01, 0.43]) 0.005
Number of antenatal health worker visits 1. 6         
Quintile 1 374 68 (18.2 [14.3, 22.1]) 68 38 (55.9 [43.8, 68.0]) 68 30 (44.1 [32.0, 56.2]) 1.00 (Reference)  
Quintile 2 374 53 (14.2 [10.6, 17.7]) 53 15 (28.3 [15.8, 40.8]) 53 38 (71.7 [59.2, 84.2]) 0.31 [0.15, 0.67] 0.003
Quintile 3 374 40 (10.7 [7.6, 13.8]) 40 18 (45.0 [28.9, 61.1]) 40 22 (55.0 [38.9, 61.1]) 0.65 [0.29, 1.41]) 0.276
Quintile 4 374 118 (31.6 [26.8, 36.3]) 118 63 (53.4 [44.3, 62.5]) 118 55 (46.7 [37.4, 55.7]) 0.90 [0.60, 1.65]) 0.742
Quintile 5 374 95 (25.4 [21.0, 29.8]) 95 26 (27.4 [18.2, 36.5]) 95 69 (72.6 [63.5, 81.8]) 0.30 [0.15, 0.57] < 0.0001
Postnatal health worker visit 1 369 166 (45.0 [39.9, 50.1]) 166 74 (44.6 [36.9, 52.2]) 166 92 (55.4 [47.8, 63.1]) 1.07 [0.71, 1.62] 0.740
Iron supplementation given post pregnancy 1 369 86 (23.3 [19.0, 27.6]) 86 84 (97.7 [94.4, 100.0]) 86 2 (2.3 [0.0, 5.6]) 4.61 [1.08, 19.78] 0.040
Antenatal maternal iron supplementation 1 374 344 (92.0 [89.2, 94.7]) 344 153 (44.5 [39.2, 49.8]) 344 191 ((55.5 [50.3, 60.8]) 2.20 [0.95, 5.08] 0.064
Postnatal maternal iron supplementation 1 369 85 (23.0 [18.7, 27.4]) 85 54 (63.5 [53.1, 73.9]) 85 31 (36.5 [26.0, 46.9]) 2.88 [1.74, 4.76]) < 0.0001
Blood test during pregnancy 1 374 291 (78.0 [73.8, 82.2]) 291 137 (47.1 [41.3, 52.8]) 291 154 (52.9 [47.2, 58.7]) 2.15 [1.27, 3.65] 0.005
Child's sex (male = 1) 1 402 203 (50.5 [45.6, 55.4]) 203 103 (50.7 [43.8, 57.7]) 203 100 (49.3 [42.3, 56.2]) 2.17 [1.45, 3.26] < 0.001
Services accessed ever         
Doctor1 403 385 (95.7 [93.8, 97.5]) 385 164 (42.6 [37.6, 47.6]) 385 221 (57.4 [52.4, 62.4]) 3.46 [0.98, 12.25] 0.054
Primary Health Centre1 402 328 (81.8 [78.0, 85.6]) 328 138 (42.1 [36.7, 47.4]) 328 190 (57.9 [52.6, 63.3]) 1.10 [0.66, 1.84]) 0.713
Anganwadi Centre1 402 345 (85.8 [82.4, 89.2]) 345 124 (35.9 [30.8, 41.0]) 345 221 (64.1 [59.0, 69.1]) 0.18 [0.10, 0.35]) < 0.001
Child fully vaccinated1 402 359 (89.1 [86.0, 92.1]) 358 136 (40.0 [32.9, 43.0]) 358 222 (62.0 [57.0, 67.1]) 0.6 [0.13, 0.51] < 0.001
  1. 1Prevalence n (% [95% CI])
  2. 2Mean [95% CI]
  3. 3Median [range]
  4. 4Wealth index: Quintile 1: 2-8 Quintile 2: 9-12; Quintile 3: 13-18; Quintile 4: 19-26; Quintile 27-62.
  5. 5SC = Scheduled Caste, ST = Scheduled Tribe
  6. 6Number of antenatal health worker visits: Quintile 1: 1-3; Quintile 2: 4; Quintile 3: 5; Quintile 4: 6-7; Quintile 8-9.