Skip to main content

Table 4 Risk of maternal mortality by individual, institutional and national characteristics: results from the fully adjusted multi-level regression model

From: The relationship between maternal education and mortality among women giving birth in health care institutions: Analysis of the cross sectional WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health

Parameter Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Constant 0.001 (0.00,0.00)
Characteristics of the women  
UNESCO International Standard Classification of Education19
   Post secondary/tertiary (>12 years of education) 1.00
   Upper secondary (10-12 years of education) 1.14 (0.74,1.77)
   Lower secondary (7-9 years of education) 1.51 (0.96,2.37)
   Primary education (1-6 years of education) 1.98 (1.26,3.12)
   No education 2.69 (1.61,4.50)
Age  
   10-19 years 0.89 (0.61,1.30)
   20-25 years 1.00
   26-30 years 1.00 (0.75,1.32)
   31-35 years 1.00 (0.69,1.45)
   36-55 years 1.62 (1.06,2.47)
Marital status:  
   Married/cohabiting 1.00
   Not married/cohabiting 1.81 (1.29,2.53)
Higher number of previous births  
   Scale parameter 1.08 (1.00-1.16)
Characteristics of the institutions  
Lower institutional capacity score  
   Scale parameter 1.01 (0.96-1.06)
Characteristics of the countries  
Lower national public expenditure on health  
   Scale parameter 1.04 (1.01-1.07)
Random effect (country)  
   Scale parameter σ 1.01 (1.00-1.02)