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Table 2 Characteristics of the women, institutions and countries sampled, classified by region

From: The relationship between maternal education and mortality among women giving birth in health care institutions: Analysis of the cross sectional WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health

  Africa (N = 81,958) Latin America (N = 97,095) Asia (N = 107,982) Total (N = 287,035)
  % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)
Characteristics of the women     
Maternal death 0.29 (238) 0.03 (25) 0.09 (100) 0.13 (363)
UNESCO International Standard Classification of Education21:
   No education 14.79 (11002) 1.61 (1486) 8.42 (8893) 7.86 (21381)
   Primary education (1-6 years of education) 19.96 (14851) 24.46 (22536) 18.02 (19033) 20.73 (56420)
   Lower secondary (7-9 years of education) 26.51 (19721) 25.71 (23681) 21.57 (22783) 24.32 (66185)
   Upper secondary (10-12 years of education) 25.18 (18734) 36.91 (34002) 35.18 (37155) 33.03 (89891)
   Post-secondary/tertiary (>12 years of education) 13.56 (10090) 11.31 (10420) 16.81 (17751) 14.06 (38261)
Mean(SE) number of years of education 7.99 (0.02) 9.23 (0.01) 9.04 (0.01) 8.81 (0.01)
   Range: min, 25%, 75%, max 0, 6, 12, 28 0, 6, 12, 28 0, 6, 12, 29 0, 6, 12, 29
Maternal age     
   10-19 years 14.12 (11486) 18.26 (17718) 6.18 (6672) 12.53 (35876)
   20-25 years 33.84 (27526) 34.56 (33543) 42.15 (45507) 37.22 (106576)
   26-30 years 25.89 (21059) 23.21 (22522) 30.26 (32675) 26.63 (76256)
   31-35 years 16.07 (13076) 15.52 (15066) 14.71 (15878) 15.37 (44020)
   36-55 years 10.09 (8205) 8.56 (8196) 6.70 (7231) 8.25 (23632)
Mean(SE) age 26.60 (0.02) 25.76 (0.02) 26.51 (0.02) 26.28 (0.01)
Marital status:     
   Single 11.70 (9517) 21.51 (20807) 5.71 (6159) 12.76 (36483)
   Separated/divorced 0.58 (473) 0.83 (807) 0.51 (549) 0.64 (1829)
   Married/cohabiting 87.47 (71153) 77.18 (74654) 93.65 (101095) 86.32 (246902)
   Widowed/other 0.25 (203) 0.47 (455) 0.14 (151) 0.28 (809)
Mean(SE) number of previous births 1.76 (0.01) 1.12 (0.00) 0.76 (0.00) 1.16 (0.00)
Characteristics of the institutions    
Mean(SE) score on facility capacity index 49.15 (0.04) 58.85 (0.02) 57.85 (0.02) 55.84 (0.02)
   Range: min, 25%, 75%, max 8, 43, 59, 63 21, 57, 63, 63 32, 54, 62, 63 8, 53, 61, 63
Characteristics of the countries    
Mean(SE) national per capita health expenditure ($, 2006) 109.59 (0.36) 619.67 (0.90) 217.71 (1.29) 322.81 (0.71)
   Range: min, 25%, 75%, max 19, 38, 71, 315 235, 316, 674, 1205 52, 86, 171, 2581 19, 71, 316, 2581
Mean(SE) national public expenditure (as % of total health expenditure, 2006) 48.94 (0.08) 53.37 (0.05) 37.89 (0.04) 46.28 (0.04)
   Range: min, 25%, 75%, max 19, 25, 81, 87 38, 44, 58, 92 25, 26, 48, 81 19, 32, 55, 92
  1. SE = Standard Error.