Skip to main content

Table 2 Analysis of emotional impact of screening

From: Emotional impact of screening: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Measure Time Comparison k n Z p SMD 95%CI I2
Anxiety < 4 weeks Screened vs. Not-Screened 1 61 1.76 0.08 -0.50 -1.06 to 0.06 -
  > 4 weeks Screened vs. Not-Screened 5 5190 0.10 0.92 0.01 -0.10 to 0.11 58%
  < 4 weeks Screen +ve vs. Screen -ve 2 2511 1.44 0.15 0.06 -0.02 to 0.14 0%
  > 4 weeks Screen +ve vs. Screen -ve 2 1273 0.20 0.84 -0.05 -0.53 to 0.44 64%
Depression < 4 weeks Screened vs. Not-Screened 1 61 1.74 0.08 -0.50 -1.05 to 0.06 -
  > 4 weeks Screened vs. Not-Screened 4 4342 0.46 0.65 0.04 -0.12 to 0.20 73%
  < 4 weeks Screen +ve vs. Screen -ve 2 3204 1.86 0.06 0.07 0.00 to 0.14 0%
  > 4 weeks Screen +ve vs. Screen -ve 2 1273 1.37 0.17 0.08 -0.03 to 0.19 0%
QoL Mental > 4 weeks Screened vs. Not-Screened 5 14,199 0.57 0.57 0.01 -0.02 to 0.04 88%
  > 4 weeks Screen +ve vs. Screen -ve 2 1379 0.24 0.81 0.06 -0.45 to 0.57 0%
QoL Self-Assessed Health > 4 weeks Screened vs. Not-Screened 4 15,199 0.18 0.85 0.00 -0.04 to 0.03 0%
  1. Note. CI = Confidence Interval; SMD = Standardised Mean Difference; I2 = homogeneity test; k = number of studies contributing to meta-analyses.