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Table 2 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% CIs for the associations of occupational stress factors and psychological problems with skin complaints and skin disorder categories

From: Are skin disorders related to work strain in hospital workers? A cross-sectional study

  Skin complaints -12 month prevalence Skin disorders- point prevalence
Individual
and job characteristics
Hand complaints
(436 cases)
Complaints in other body parts
(604 cases)
Any complaint
(730 cases)
Hand dermatitis
(138 cases)
Dermatitis in other parts
(100 cases)
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
  Model Ia Model I Model I Model I Model I
Job control 0.97 (0.94 - 1.00) 0.96 (0.93 - 0.98) 0.97 (0.94 - 1.00) 0.93 (0.89-0.98) 0.92 (0.87-0.98)
Job demands 1.09 (1.05 - 1.14) 1.12 (1.08 - 1.16) 1.12 (1.08 - 1.16) 1.15 (1.07-1.23) 1.14 (1.06-1.23)
Social support 0.90 (0.87 - 0.93) 0.92 (0.88 - 0.94) 0.91 (0.88 - 0.94) 0.86 (0.83-0.90) 0.89 (0.84-0.94)
High strain 1.54 (1.20 - 1.98) 1.76 (1.40 -2.22) 1.62 (1.29 -2.03) 1.98 (1.37.2.87) 2.16 (1.42-3.30)
High iso-strain 1.66 (1.27 - 2.19) 1.91 (1.48 - 2.46) 1.77 (1.37 - 2.28) 2.22 (1.50-3.29) 2.81 (1.82-4.33)
Depression 2.50 (1.99 - 3.14) 2.13 (1.72 - 2.64) 2.21 (1.78 - 2.73) 1.27 (1.18- 1.36) 1.29 (1.19-1.40)
Anxiety 2.29 (1.81 - 2.89) 2.02 (1.63 - 2.52) 2.09 (1.69 - 2.60) 1.24 (1.16-1.32) 1.24 (1.16-1.33)
  Model IIb Model II Model II Model II Model II
Job control 0.97 (0.94 - 1.01) 0.95 (0.92 - 0.99) 0.97 (0.94 - 1.00) 0.93 (0.88-0.98) 0.94 (0.88-0.99)
Job demands 1.08 (1.04 - 1.13) 1.11 (1.07 - 1.16) 1.11 (1.07 - 1.16) 1.13 (1.06-1.22) 1.14 (1.05-1.24)
Social support 0.90 (0.87 - 0.94) 0.91 (0.88 - 0.94) 0.91 (0.88 - 0.94) 0.87 (0.82-0.91) 0.90 (0.85-0.95)
High strain 1.50 (1.16 -2.95) 1.79 (1.40 -2.29) 1.64 (1.29 -2.09) 1.91 (1.29-2.91) 2.03 (1.31-3.15)
High iso-strain 1.56 (1.17-2.07) 1.89 (1.45 - 2.48) 1.74 (1.33 - 2.28) 2.07 (1.37-3.11) 2.62 (1.67-4.11)
Depression 1.90 (1.72 - 2.80) 1.93 (1.53 - 2.43) 1.98 (1.57 - 2.49) 2.57 (1.77-3.73) 2.61 (1.70-4.03)
Anxiety 2.04 (1.59 - 2.61) 1.90 (1.51 - 2.41) 1.95 (1.55 - 2.46) 2.54 (1.75-3.68) 2.65 (1.72-4.09)
  1. a Model I: Univariate associations; b Model II: adjusted for age, gender, occupation, glove use, and probable atopy.