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Table 3 Likelihood of Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire according to the degree of maladaptive internet use.

From: Risk factors and psychosocial characteristics of potential problematic and problematic internet use among adolescents: A cross-sectional study

  Overall maladaptive
internet use
(n = 181)
Problematic internet use
(n = 13)
Potential problematic
internet use
(n = 168)
Normal internet use
(n = 685)
  n (%) AOR*
(95% CI)
n (%) AOR*
(95% CI)
n (%) AOR*
(95% CI)
n (%)
Emotional        
   Borderline 19 (10.5) 1.74 (0.97-3.11) 1 (7.7) 1.95 (0.23-16.76) 18 (10.7) 1.73 (0.96-3.12) 55 (8.0)
   Abnormal 11 (6.1) 0.93 (0.46-1.85) 2 (15.4) 3.15 (0.61-16.30) 9 (5.4) 0.78 (0.37-1.64) 69 (10.1)
Conduct problems        
   Borderline 49 (27.1) 4.35 (2.78-6.82) 3 (23.1) 5.60 (1.26-24.84) 46 (27.4) 4.29 (2.72-6.76) 59 (8.6)
   Abnormal 26 (14.4) 2.82 (1.65-4.84) 4 (30.8) 8.39 (2.04-34.56) 22 (13.1) 2.56 (1.46-4.50) 47 (6.9)
Hyperactivity        
   Borderline 20 (11.0) 1.99 (1.12-3.53) 2 (15.4) 3.26 (0.64-16.69) 18 (10.7) 1.91 (1.05-3.46) 46 (6.7)
   Abnormal 16 (8.8) 4.87 (2.29-10.35) 2 (15.4) 9.96 (1.76-56.20) 14 (8.3) 4.39 (2.03-9.52) 16 (2.3)
Peer problems        
   Borderline 32 (17.7) 1.46 (0.92-2.31) 1 (7.7) 0.55 (0.07-4.39) 31 (18.4) 1.54 (0.97-2.46) 86 (12.6)
   Abnormal 8 (4.4) 2.48 (0.94-6.50) 1 (7.7) 5.52 (0.54-47.12) 7 (4.2) 2.32 (0.82-6.05) 11 (1.6)
Prosocial        
   Borderline 17 (9.4) 1.12 (0.61-2.04) 2 (15.4) 1.73 (0.36-8.37) 15 (8.9) 1.08 (0.57-2.02) 46 (6.7)
   Abnormal 14 (7.7) 1.11 (0.58-2.13) 2 (15.4) 0.84 (0.10-6.95) 13 (7.7) 1.12 (0.57-2.19) 39 (5.7)
Total SDQ Score        
   Borderline 30 (16.6) 2.27 (1.38-3.72) 23 (7.3) 3.47 (0.66-18.26) 28 (16.7) 2.25 (1.36-3.72) 71 (10.4)
   Abnormal 11 (6.1) 2.96 (1.33-6.60) 8 (2.5) 8.08 (1.44-45.34) 9 (5.4) 2.55 (1.09-5.94) 19 (2.8)
  1. *AOR: Adjusted Odds Ratio for age and sex, 95% CI: 95% Confidence Interval