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Table 1 Demographic details of the study subjects by educational status*for men, Mumbai Cohort Study, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

From: Illiteracy, low educational status, and cardiovascular mortality in India

Men Illiterate
(n = 15091)
Primary school
(n = 33549)
Middle school
(n = 26075)
Secondary school
(n = 8308)
College
(n = 5635)
Total
(N = 88658)
Age groups       
35 to 39 3.9% 7.5% 13.2% 13.6% 12.1% 9.4%
40 to 44 3.9% 7.0% 10.2% 11.3% 9.1% 7.9%
45 to 49 24.4% 23.1% 30.3% 33.1% 29.0% 26.7%
50 to 54 18.6% 15.6% 16.1% 15.1% 14.3% 16.1%
55 to 59 13.8% 13.1% 10.9% 10.0% 11.3% 12.2%
60 to 64 14.6% 12.6% 8.8% 6.7% 9.3% 11.1%
65 to 69 9.2% 9.5% 5.3% 4.9% 6.5% 7.6%
70 & up 11.5% 11.6% 5.3% 5.3% 8.3% 8.9%
Religion       
Hindu 68.5% 77.1% 79.1% 81.9% 79.6% 76.8%
Muslim 25.7% 15.4% 14.1% 8.4% 14.1% 16.0%
Buddhist 4.7% 4.8% 3.6% 4.3% 1.8% 4.2%
Christian 1.0% 2.4% 2.8% 4.1% 3.4% 2.5%
Others 0.2% 0.3% 0.3% 1.3% 1.1% 0.4%
Mother tongue       
Marathi 37.1% 57.9% 59.1% 69.5% 53.4% 55.5%
Hindi 34.2% 13.8% 15.2% 8.1% 9.8% 16.9%
Gujarati 4.2% 10.2% 11.1% 6.2% 19.1% 9.6%
Urdu 13.1% 9.4% 6.6% 6.9% 7.6% 8.9%
South Indian 11.3% 8.5% 7.8% 8.9% 9.9% 8.9%
Others 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.5% 0.1% 0.2%
BMI**(kg/m 2 )       
Normal 64.1% 62.3% 61.7% 63.3% 60.3% 62.4%
Thin 12.9% 10.1% 7.7% 6.0% 4.7% 9.2%
Very Thin 5.1% 4.6% 3.5% 2.5% 1.5% 3.9%
Extremely Thin 5.5% 5.1% 3.7% 2.8% 1.6% 4.3%
Overweight 10.9% 15.7% 20.2% 22.4% 26.7% 17.5%
Obese 1.5% 2.3% 3.2% 3.0% 5.2% 2.7%
Tobacco usage       
Never-user 21.6% 23.8% 35.5% 37.3% 55.2% 30.1%
Smokeless 39.9% 42.8% 37.0% 35.3% 20.3% 38.5%
Smoker 14.8% 18.6% 14.0% 17.5% 17.1% 16.4%
Both*** 23.8% 14.8% 13.5% 10.0% 7.5% 15.0%
Women Illiterate
(n = 26959)
Primary school
(n = 20850)
Middle school
(n = 8196)
Secondary school
(n = 2536)
College
(n = 974)
Total
(N = 59515)
Age groups       
35 to 39 14.6% 27.4% 42.7% 47.5% 44.4% 24.8%
40 to 44 12.9% 19.2% 22.5% 20.0% 22.4% 16.9%
45 to 49 14.9% 16.9% 14.4% 11.4% 11.3% 15.4%
50 to 54 15.6% 12.8% 9.5% 7.8% 8.1% 13.3%
55 to 59 12.5% 9.0% 5.6% 5.3% 5.1% 9.9%
60 to 64 13.1% 7.3% 3.1% 4.6% 4.5% 9.2%
65 to 69 7.4% 4.0% 1.4% 2.1% 2.4% 5.1%
70 & up 8.9% 3.5% 0.9% 1.3% 1.8% 5.5%
Religion       
Hindu 79.2% 83.8% 85.6% 84.1% 85.9% 82.0%
Muslim 8.0% 5.6% 5.9% 4.1% 3.6% 6.7%
Buddhist 11.4% 5.2% 3.7% 3.0% 1.1% 7.6%
Christian 1.2% 4.7% 4.3% 7.1% 5.5% 3.1%
Others 0.2% 0.7% 0.5% 1.7% 3.8% 0.6%
Mother tongue       
Marathi 74.2% 75.6% 78.9% 74.7% 70.6% 75.3%
Hindi 10.0% 4.0% 6.1% 1.8% 4.9% 6.9%
Gujarati 4.7% 6.9% 4.1% 6.0% 8.2% 5.5%
Urdu 4.0% 4.0% 2.4% 3.4% 2.7% 3.8%
South Indian 6.7% 9.1% 7.7% 12.6% 13.0% 8.0%
Others 0.4% 0.3% 0.9% 1.5% 0.5% 0.5%
BMI**(kg/m 2 )       
Normal 52.4% 50.5% 50.1% 52.3% 48.0% 51.4%
Thin 11.2% 7.6% 7.7% 5.8% 4.1% 9.1%
Very Thin 5.4% 3.4% 3.9% 3.3% 1.4% 4.3%
Extremely Thin 7.8% 4.3% 4.2% 2.5% 1.5% 5.7%
Overweight 18.0% 25.8% 25.9% 27.8% 34.4% 22.5%
Obese 5.1% 8.4% 8.2% 8.3% 10.5% 6.9%
Tobacco usage       
Never-user 25.4% 45.8% 58.6% 74.0% 89.3% 40.3%
Smokeless 73.8% 53.9% 41.3% 25.9% 10.5% 59.3%
Smoker 0.4% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 0.3%
Both*** 0.3% 0.1% 0.1% 0.0%   0.2%
  1. *Illiterate, Primary school (≤ 5 years of formal education), Middle school (6-8 years), Secondary school (9-10 years) and College (> 10 years)
  2. **BMI body mass index = weight (kg)/height(m)2; BMI (kg/m2) categories were defined as follows: extremely thin (< 16.0); very thin (16.0 to < 17.0); thin (17.0 to < 18.5); normal (18.5 to < 25.0); overweight (25.0 to < 30.0); and obese (≥ 30.0)
  3. ***includes those who smoke and use smokeless tobacco