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Table 4 Diabetes mortality studies in Sub-Saharan Africa from 1990

From: Diabetes in Sub Saharan Africa 1999-2011: Epidemiology and public health implications. a systematic review

Country Author (Year) Diabetes Types Sample
(loss to follow up)
Mortality (%) Mortality causes
(deaths by cause/total deaths)
     5 year 20 year  
Ethiopia Lester (1992) [49] Type 1 431 4 37 -
South Africa Gill (2005)[48] Type 1 88 (39) - 33 Renal failure (9/21)
Hypoglycaemia (6/21)
Ketoacidosis (2/21)
Infection (2/21)
Undetermined (2/21)
Tanzania McLarty (1990) [50] IDDM1 272 40.5 - Leading causes:
IDDM: 50% Ketoacidosis; NIDDM: 24% Cardiovascular & renal disease;
Indeterminate: 48% infection.
   NIDDM2 825 19 -  
   Indeterminate type 153 57 -  
  1. 1IDDM: Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus; 2NIDDM: Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.