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Table 3 Illnesses most frequently cited as common in children under five years old

From: Inherent illnesses and attacks: an ethnographic study of interpretations of childhood Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs) in Manhiça, southern Mozambique

Illness* Symptoms**
Malaria (P) Fever, headache, chills, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach ache, dizziness, weakness, bile, cough, diarrhoea, painful joints, constant fever
Diarrheia (P) (Diarrhoea) More than 5 stools per day, vomiting, fever, weakness, defecating a lot
Rumbsana (C) White stools, constant diarrhoea, bad smell
Tosse (P)
(Cough)
Cough, snotty nose, fever, sweating, coughing a lot
Xifuva (C)
(Problems of the chest)
Breathing badly, noise in chest, cough, deep breathing, vomiting, fast breathing, fever, loss of appetite
Mavabyi ya wheti (C)
(Illnesses of the moon)
Convulsions, falling, being startled/scared, worms, noises in the belly, not playing, diarrhoea, bloody stools, fever, cough, bad breathing
Sarampo (P)
Xitsinana (C)
Small spots all over body, red mouth, red eyes, fever, cough
Pava-Pava (C) Large Spots
Xilala (C) Opening of the head, enlarged head, thin body, head veins come out, frequent crying
  1. *Illness terms are given in the indicated language: Changana (C) or Portuguese (P) with the literal English translation, if available, underneath.
  2. **Principal symptom(s) in bold type.