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Table 1 Hypothetical case scenarios presented to caretakers

From: Inherent illnesses and attacks: an ethnographic study of interpretations of childhood Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs) in Manhiça, southern Mozambique

Scenario A (Severe pneumonia)
   - The child has had a frequent cough for three days
   - The child's cough makes it difficult for him or her to breastfeed or eat
   - The child's cough makes it difficult for him or her to sleep
   - The child's breathing has been faster than usual in the last few hours
   - The child's chest makes a noise with every breath
   - The child feels warm to the touch
Scenario B (Mild pneumonia)
   - The child has had an occasional cough for the past three days
   - The child is playing and eating normally
   - In the last few hours, the child's cough has become more frequent
   - The child feels warm to the touch
   - The child's breathing seems normal
Scenario C (Malaria)
   - The child is hot to the touch
   - The child is not eating or playing normally
   - The child's most recent stools have been more liquid than normal
   - The child is paler than usual
   - The child is less active than usual
Scenario D (Malaria plus pneumonia)
   - The child has been warm to the touch for the last three days and is now very hot
   - The child has a mild cough
   - The child has stopped playing and has become quieter than usual in the last few hours
   - The child's breathing has become faster
   - The child's chest makes a noise with every breath
   - The child's chest is moving very fast
   - The child is very pale
   - The child has experienced diarrhoea in the last few hours
   - The child has vomited in the last few hours