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Table 3 Attitudes (% respondents agreeing with the statement)

From: Evaluation of Stepping Stones as a tool for changing knowledge, attitudes and behaviours associated with gender, relationships and HIV risk in Karnataka, India

  SS trainees
N = 412
SS villages
General population
N = 1196
Non-SS villages
General population
N = 1297
Attitudes to HIV and PLHIV
I would care for a PLHIV relative at home 77.2 64.9 (0.00)** 60.2 (0.02)*
I would not buy vegetables from a person with HIV 39.6 47.5 (0.00)** 46.5 (0.62)
HIV child should not be allowed in school 30.1 40.4 (0.00)** 40.9 (0.80)
If a woman has HIV, it is a reflection of moral character 44.6 46.8 (0.44) 46.4 (0.84)
Families with HIV should be left alone 33.7 37.8 (0.14) 40.9 (0.11)
Gender and sexuality
It's OK for women to suggest condom use 72.8 58.0 (0.00)** 54.8 (0.11)
Girls with too much education are not good wives 31.2 39.5 (0.00)** 44.3 (0.02)*
Girls should be married as soon as possible 45.8 52.5 (0.02)* 51.6 (0.65)
Women should feel free to show husbands if they want sex 59.7 53.6 (0.03)* 51.4 (0.27)
Women should be blamed for spreading AIDS 29.3 32.3 (0.26) 38.7 (0.00)**
Men who cook are not real men 76.5 72.6 (0.12) 72.0 (0.74)
Caring and sharing
You don't talk about sex, you just do it 42.7 50.7 (0.00)** 46.4 (0.03)*
It's a woman's responsibility to avoid pregnancy 38.2 45.7 (0.00)** 43.5 (0.27)
Man should have the final word about decisions in the home 52.9 64.0 (0.00)** 63.4 (0.76)
An ideal husband controls his wife 71.9 75.6 (0.14) 72.5 (0.08)
Women should give their earnings to the husband 58.4 64.9 (0.02)* 67.2 (0.23)
Gender based violence
Men cannot control their sexual urges 49.4 44.8 (0.11) 51.2 (0.00)**
It's OK for a man to force his wife to have sex 39.8 42.0 (0.43) 50.3 (0.00)**
There are times when a woman should be beaten 53.8 57.4 (0.20) 60.4 (0.13)
Raped women are usually at fault 31.6 30.4 (0.65) 34. 1 (0.05)
  1. p < 0.05*
  2. p < 0.01**