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Table 5 Univariate associations of household and personal factors with presence of unclean faces in children (n = 269)

From: A cross-sectional survey of water and clean faces in trachoma endemic communities in Tanzania

Age of Child % unclean Odds Ratio 95% CI
< 1 years 14.3% 0.8 0.2-2.7
1-2 years 43.2% 3.4 1.1-11.0
2-3 years 43.8% 3.5 1.03-11.9
3-4 years 49.1% 4.3 1.3-14.5
4-5 years 18.2% REF REF
# other pre-school age children in household % unclean Odds Ratio 95% CI
1 24.4% REF REF
2 33.3% 1.5 0.7-3.5
3 37.7% 1.9 0.8-4.4
4+ 54.8% 3.8 1.4-10.3
Amount of water stored in Household (L) % unclean Odds Ratio 95% CI
< 40 28.2% 0.5 0.3-0.99
40-60 66.7% 2.6 1.1-6.8
60-80 32.0% 0.6 0.2-1.7
80-100 8.3% 0.1 0.02-1.00
100+ 42.7% REF REF
Reasons Other Children's faces are not washed % unclean Odds Ratio 95% CI
Water too Scarce: yes 34.8% 1.1 0.7-1.9
   no   1.0  
Mother is Lazy: yes 17.0% 0.3 0.1-0.7
   no   1.0  
Mother thinks it's not important:yes 37.3% 0.9 0.5-1.4
   no   1.0  
Mother too busy: yes 37.4% 0.9 0.5-1.5
   no:   1.0