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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 1,482 school children aged 6-15 years in urban and rural areas of the Greater Accra Region of Ghana

From: High body mass index is not associated with atopy in schoolchildren living in rural and urban areas of Ghana

Variable Urban (%) Rural (%) Total p-value**
All 742 740 1,482
Sex    
Males 347 (46.77) 359 (48.51) 706 (47.64) 0.501
Females 395 (53.23) 381 (51.49) 776 (52.36)
Age    
6-8 years 133 (17.92) 191 (25.81) 324 (21.86) 0.000
9-11 years 261 (35.18) 347 (46.89) 608 (41.03)
12-15 years 348 (46.90) 202 (27.30) 550 (37.11)
Nutritional status indicators
Normal weight 568 (76.55) 599 (80.95) 1,167 (78.74) 0.000
Underweight 94 (12.67) 23 (3.11) 117 (7.89)
High BMI 80 (10.78) 118 (15.95) 198 (13.36)
Atopy    
Non-atopic 610 (82.21) 554 (74.86) 1164 (78.54) 0.001
Atopic 132 (17.79) 186 (25.14) 318 (21.46)
S. haematobium infection
Not infected 714 (97.28) 630 (90.00) 1,344 (93.72) 0.000
Infected 20 (2.72) 70 (10.00) 90 (6.28)
Intestinal parasites infection
Not infected 659 (97.34) 434 (57.81) 1, 093 (82.99) 0.000
Hookworm 13 (1.92) 76 (11.88) 89 (6.76)
Trichuris sp 2 (0.30) 16 (2.50) 18 (1.37)
Ascaris sp 0 (0.00) 93 (14.53) 93 (7.06)
ЖCo-infected 3 (0.44) 21 (3.28) 24 (1.82)
Passive smoking    
Non-exposed 398 (66.22) 218 (69.43) 616 (67.32) 0.327
Exposed 203 (33.78) 96 (30.57) 299 (32.68)
Source of domestic fuel    
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) 368 (61.13) 5 (1.59) 373 (40.68) 0.000
Charcoal 184 (30.56) 111 (35.24) 295 (32.17)
Firewood 50 (8.31) 199 (63.17) 249 (27.15)
Family history of asthma    
No 352 (59.26) 174 (55.24) 526 (57.87) 0.338
Yes 170 (28.62) 105 (33.33) 275 (30.25)
No idea 72 (12.12) 36 (11.43) 108 (11.88)
Exclusive breast feeding    
None 74 (18.23) 48 (10.39) 122 (14.06.) 0.002
1-6 months 280 (68.97) 360 (77.92) 640 (73.73)
6-12 months 52 (12.81) 54 (11.69) 106 (12.21)
Educational level of parent    
No formal education 124 (27.43) 148 (30.14) 272 (28.84) 0.011
7-9 years education 178 (39.38) 165 (33.60) 343 (36.37)
10-15 years education 68 (15.04) 108 (22.00) 176 (18.66)
Tertiary education 82 (18.14) 70 (14.26) 152 (16.12)
Occupation of parent    
Unemployed 16 (3.56) 14 (2.86) 30 (3.20) 0.542
Trader 76 (16.93) 139 (28.43) 215 (22.92)
Farmer 95 (21.16) 83 (16.97) 178 (18.98)
Public servant 168 (37.42) 169 (34.56) 337 (35.93)
Business 94 (20.94) 84 (17.18) 178 (18.98)
  1. Ж Co-infection: infected with two or more intestinal helminthes
  2. ** Comparison between urban and rural areas. Totals may differ due to missing values of some variables.