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Table 1 Characteristics of healthcare workers and parents participating in the study

From: Healthcare workers' and parents' perceptions of measures for improving adherence to hand-hygiene

Healthcare Workers (No. 139) Parents/Caregivers (No. 236)
  No %   No %
Females 101 72.7 Females 170 72.5
Professional category    Caregiver category   
Physician 41 29.5 Mother 170 72.5
Nurse 91 65.5 Father 50 21.5
Other 7 5.0 Other 18 6.0
Type of ward    Type of ward   
Surgical/medical 106 76.3 Surgical/medical 206 87.3
Intensive care unit (ICU) 33 23.7 ICU 30 12.7
Hand-hygiene formal training    Hand-hygiene information   
Yes, at Bambino Gesù Hospital 64 46.0 Yes, at Bambino Gesù Hospital 125 53.0
Yes, outside Bambino Gesù Hospital 10 7.2 Yes, outside Bambino Gesù Hospital 76 32.2
No 65 46.8 No 35 14.8
Years of practice^    First hospitalization for child   
≤ 5 58 43.9 Yes 99 41.9
>5 74 56.1 No* 137 58.1
  1. ^ Total number of respondents = 132
  2. * mean number of previous hospitalizations = 5.0; median number of previous hospitalizations = 3.0 (range: 1-30)