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Table 2 Comparison of health-related characteristics between participants and non-participants measured before the onset of the lifestyle project

From: Healthcare workers' participation in a healthy-lifestyle-promotion project in western Sweden

  Participants (n = 400)
% (n)
Non-participants (n = 1459)
% (n)
p-value
BMI    
- < 18.5 1 (3) 1 (16) .168
- 18.5-24.9 64 (254) 61 (874)  
- 25-29.9 30 (118) 31 (441)  
- > 30 5 (20) 8 (113)  
Physical activity    
- Sedentary 8 (30) 16 (227) .0005
- Physically active 93 (370) 84 (1226)  
Sleep disturbances    
- Yes 21 (82) 26 (381) .025
- No 79 (314) 74 (1073)  
HAD-D score    
- < 7 86 (335) 83 (1189) .159
- ≥ 7 14 (55) 17 (245)  
Feeling about going to work 84 (335) 79 (1133) .008
- Positive 12 (48) 13 (185)  
- Neutral 4 (16) 8.5 (122)  
- Uneasy    
Self-reported health    
- Very good/good 87 (346) 83 (1208) .064
- Neither good nor bad 11 (43) 12 (174)  
- Not good 3 (10) 5 (74)  
Educational level1    .435
- Lower 39 (140) 37 (496)  
- Higher 61 (216) 63 (842)  
  1. Only persons replying to the question at the four year follow-up whether they had participated in the Lifestyle in the West project are included in the analysis (n = 1859)
  2. BMI = Body mass index.
  3. HAD-D = Subscale depression of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. A score of ≥ 7 is used to indicate a relative lack of joy/happiness.
  4. 1 Lower = high school/vocational; Higher = college/university. Missing are those responding to 'other professions' that could not be categorized into lower or higher education.