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Table 1 Association of overweight with socio-demographic and lifestyle factorsa

From: Socio-demographic and lifestyle factors associated with overweight in a representative sample of 11-15 year olds in France: Results from the WHO-Collaborative Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) cross-sectional study

  ALL BOYS GIRLS
  Non-overweight
n (%)
Over-weight
n (%)
OR (95% CI) Non-overweight (%) Over-weight
n (%)
OR (95% CI) Non-overweight (%) Over-weight
n (%)
OR (95% CI)
Age P = 0.5232    P = 0.0516    P = 0.0206   
   11 years 1990 (89.5) 234 (10.5) 1 1016 (89.9) 114 (10.1) 1 974 (89.0) 120 (11.0) 1
   13 years 2031 (90.2) 220 (9.8) 0.92 (0.74-1.14) 942 (88.3) 125 (11.7) 1.18 (0.87-1.60) 1089 (92.0) 95 (8.0) 0.71 (0.53-0.94)
   15 years 1897 (89.1) 232 (10.9) 1.04 (0.85-1.27) 938 (86.3) 149 (13.7) 1.42 (1.09-1.84) 959 (92.0) 83 (8.0) 0.70 (0.52-0.95)
Family affluence P < 0.0001    P = 0.0036    P < 0.0001   
   High 2956 (91.4) 277 (8.6) 1 1490 (89.8) 170 (10.2) 1 1466 (93.2) 107 (6.8) 1
   Medium 2166 (88.9) 269 (11.1) 1.33 (1.12-1.57) 1005 (86.9) 151 (13.1) 1.32 (1.04-1.66) 1161 (90.8) 118 (9.2) 1.39 (1.07-1.81)
   Low 617 (83.5) 122 (16.5) 2.11 (1.66-2.68) 289 (84.0) 55 (16.0) 1.67 (1.19-2.34) 328 (83.0) 67 (17.0) 2.80 (2.01-3.89)
Smoking P = 0.4455    P = 0.0384    P = 0.4526   
   No 5175 (89.8) 586 (10.2) 1 2546 (88.6) 326 (11.4) 1 2629 (91.0) 260 (9.0) 1
   Yes, but not daily 330 (88.2) 44 (11.8) 1.18 (0.84-1.65) 155 (86.1) 25 (13.9) 1.26 (0.80-1.98) 175 (90.2) 19 (9.8) 1.10 (0.67-1.79)
   Yes, daily 310 (88.3) 41 (11.7) 1.17 (0.83-1.64) 136 (82.4) 29 (17.6) 1.67 (1.11-2.51) 174 (93.5) 12 (6.5) 0.70 (0.38-1.28)
Consuming alcohol weekly P = 0.1101    P = 0.3484    P = 0.5029   
   No 5239 (89.9) 590 (10.1) 1 2466 (88.4) 324 (11.6) 1 2773 (91.2) 266 (8.8) 1
   Yes 663 (88.0) 90 (12.0) 1.21 (0.96-1.52) 418 (86.9) 63 (13.1) 1.15 (0.86-1.53) 245 (90.1) 27 (9.9) 1.15 (0.76-1.73)
Eating fruit daily P = 0.5701    P = 0.5285    P = 0.9415   
   No 4024 (89.5) 471 (10.5) 1 2022 (87.9) 277 (12.1) 1 2002 (91.2) 194 (8.8) 1
   Yes 1844 (90.0) 205 (10.0) 0.95 (0.79-1.13) 842 (88.7) 107 (11.3) 0.93 (0.73-1.17) 1002 (91.1) 98 (8.9) 1.01 (0.79-1.29)
Eating vegetables daily P = 0.2157    P = 0.3607    P = 0.6648   
   No 3344 (89.2) 403 (10.8) 1 1725 (87.7) 241 (12.3) 1 1619 (90.9) 162 (9.1) 1
   Yes 2518 (90.2) 275 (9.8) 0.91 (0.78-1.06) 1138 (88.8) 144 (11.2) 0.91 (0.73-1.12) 1380 (91.3) 131 (8.7) 0.95 (0.75-1.20)
Eating breakfast daily P = 0.0011    P = 0.0008    P = 0.0840   
   No 2260 (88.0) 308 (12.0) 1 996 (85.6) 168 (14.4) 1 1264 (90.0) 140 (10.0) 1
   Yes 3482 (90.7) 356 (9.3) 0.75 (0.63-0.89) 1802 (89.7) 207 (10.3) 0.68 (0.54-0.85) 1680 (91.9) 149 (8.1) 0.80 (0.62-1.03)
MVPA ≥ 1 hour for ≥ 5 days per week P < 0.0001    P < 0.0001    P = 0.0020   
   No 3806 (88.4) 498 (11.6) 1 1599 (86.2) 256 (13.8) 1 2207 (90.1) 242 (9.9) 1
   Yes 2018 (92.0) 176 (8.0) 0.67 (0.56-0.80) 1248 (90.8) 126 (9.2) 0.63 (0.51-0.78) 770 (93.9) 50 (6.1) 0.59 (0.42-0.83)
VPA ≥ 2 hours per week P < 0.0001    P < 0.0001    P = 0.0001   
   No 2600 (87.5) 370 (12.5) 1 930 (84.6) 169 (15.4) 1 1670 (89.3) 201 (10.7) 1
   Yes 3249 (91.3) 308 (8.7) 0.67 (0.57-0.78) 1920 (90.1) 212 (9.9) 0.61 (0.49-0.75) 1329 (93.3) 96 (6.7) 0.60 (0.46-0.77)
TV viewing > 2 hours per day P < 0.0001    P = 0.1024    P < 0.0001   
   No 2887 (91.6) 266 (8.4) 1 1318 (89.2) 160 (10.8) 1 1569 (93.7) 106 (6.3) 1
   Yes 2848 (87.8) 397 (12.2) 1.51 (1.28-1.79) 1466 (87.3) 213 (12.7) 1.20 (0.96-1.49) 1382 (88.2) 184 (11.8) 1.97 (1.51-2.57)
Using video games > 2 hours per day P = 0.1437    P = 0.4494    P = 0.8691   
   No 4609 (90.0) 514 (10.0) 1 1942 (88.6) 250 (11.4) 1 2667 (91.0) 264 (9.0) 1
   Yes 1184 (88.6) 153 (11.4) 1.16 (0.95-1.41) 871 (87.6) 123 (12.4) 1.10 (0.86-1.39) 313 (91.3) 30 (8.7) 0.97 (0.66-1.42)
Using computer > 2 hours per day P = 0.1916    P = 0.8723    P = 0.0867   
   No 4314 (89.4) 511 (10.6) 1 2101 (88.1) 283 (11.9) 1 2213 (90.7) 228 (9.3) 1
   Yes 1429 (90.5) 150 (9.5) 0.89 (0.74-1.06) 681 (88.3) 90 (11.7) 0.98 (0.78-1.24) 748 (92.6) 60 (7.4) 0.78 (0.58-1.04)
  1. a: P obtained with chi-square test; MVPA: moderate to vigorous physical activity, VPA: vigorous physical activity, TV: television