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Table 2 Comparison of baseline variables in LTPA and NLTPA groups in the Elderly Medication Cohort Follow-up Study in Tainan City, 1996-2004

From: Non-leisure time physical activity is an independent predictor of longevity for a Taiwanese elderly population: an eight-year follow-up study

  LTPA1 NLTPA2
  Participants
(n = 593)
Non-participants
(n = 283)
P3 Active
(n = 697)
Inactive
(n = 179)
P3
Age(y/o)    <0.01    <0.01
   65-75 68.5 27.1   69.4 40.8  
   76-80 17.0 32.2   15.2 24.0  
   81 14.5 29.7   15.4 35.2  
Sex    0.19    0.94
   Male 56.0 51.2   54.5 54.2  
   Female 44.0 48.8   45.5 45.8  
Education level    <0.01    0.22
   Under elementary school 27.0 18.4   25.1 20.7  
   Junior high school and above 73.0 81.6   74.9 79.3  
Smoking status    0.56    0.09
   Never/ex-smokers 76.7 74.9   74.9 81.0  
   Current smokers 23.3 25.1   25.1 19.0  
Drinking habit    0.06    0.04
   < 3 times per week 92.9 96.1   93.1 97.2  
   3 times per week 7.1 3.9   6.9 2.8  
Living alone    0.13    <0.01
   No 90.6 93.6   89.8 98.3  
   Yes 9.4 6.4   10.2 1.7  
LTPA       <0.01
   Participants - - - 75.5 37.4  
   Non-participants - - - 24.5 62.6  
NLTPA    <0.01    
   Active 88.7 60.4   - -  
   Inactive 11.3 39.6   - -  
BMI(Kg/m2)    <0.01    <0.01
   18.5 BMI 30 84.5 63.6   83.2 56.4  
   BMI < 18.5 12.8 33.2   13.6 41.9  
   BMI < 30 2.7 3.2   3.2 1.7  
ADL    <0.01    <0.01
   Without difficulty 99.2 78.1   99.7 63.7  
   With difficulty 0.8 21.9   0.3 36.3  
Cancer    0.52    0.13
   No 98.5 99.3   98.4 100  
   Yes 1.5 0.7   1.6 0  
Hypertension    0.39    0.23
   No 68.1 71.0   70.0 65.4  
   Yes 31.9 29.0   30.0 34.6  
Diabetes Mellitus    0.31    0.97
   No 87.0 89.4   87.8 87.7  
   Yes 13.0 10.6   12.2 12.3  
Stroke    <0.01    <0.01
   No 96.0 89.4   97.4 79.9  
   Yes 4.0 10.6   2.6 20.1  
Heart Disease    0.11    0.82
   No 85.0 88.3   85.9 86.6  
   Yes 15.0 11.7   14.1 13.4  
Pulmonary disease    0.01    0.56
   No 94.6 90.1   93.4 92.2  
   Yes 5.4 9.9   6.6 7.8  
Liver disease    0.20    0.13
   No 93.6 95.8   93.6 96.6  
   Yes 6.4 4.2   6.3 3.4  
Renal disease    0.17    0.46
   No 97.5 95.8   96.7 97.8  
   Yes 2.5 4.2   3.3 2.2  
Arthritis/osteoporosis    0.01    <0.01
   No 63.2 53.4   62.6 50.3  
   Yes 36.8 46.6   37.4 49.7  
  1. 1 LTPA = leisure time physical activity
  2. 2 NLTPA = non-leisure time physical activity
  3. 3chi-square test for categorical variables