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Table 4 Contribution of combined effects of BMI and MetS to the risk of incident diabetes among individuals not assigned to lifestyle modification intervention measures

From: "Predictability of body mass index for diabetes: Affected by the presence of metabolic syndrome?"

   Men Women
MetS-BMI states   Odds ratioa (95% CIs) P value Odds ratioa (95% CIs) P value
No MetS BMI <25 1b (reference group) - 1b (reference group) -
  BMI 25-30 1.3 (0.7-2.8) 0.415 1.9 (0.9-4.0) 0.115
  BMI ≥30 4.1 (1.5-11.0) 0.006 2.6 (1.1-6.1) 0.031
MetS BMI <25 2.6 (1.0-6.7) 0.042 9.0 (3.1-26.0) 0.000
  BMI 25-30 2.5 (1.3-4.7) 0.007 6.4 (2.9-14.0) 0.000
  BMI ≥30 3.6 (1.8-7.3) 0.000 11.2 (5.4-22.9) 0.000
  1. BMI, body a mass index, calculated as weight (kg) divided by height (m) squared; MetS, metabolic syndrome.
  2. a. OR adjusted for age, family history of diabetes, history of CVD, education, and smoking.
  3. b. Combination status of MetS-BMI was included as a polychotomous variable with 6 categories. Reference group was normal-weight individuals without MetS