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Table 3 Contribution of individual and combined effects of BMI and MetS to the risk of incident diabetes.

From: "Predictability of body mass index for diabetes: Affected by the presence of metabolic syndrome?"

  Men Women
  Age adjusted Multivariable-adjusteda Age adjusted Multivariable-adjusteda
  OR 95% CIs P OR 95% CIs P OR 95% CIs P OR 95% CIs P
MetSb 3.1 2.2-4.4 <0.001 2.9 2.1-4.2 <0.001 6.1 4.4-8.5 <0.001 5.8 4.2-8.2 <0.001
BMI (kg.m-2)c
   <25 1.0    1.0    1.0    1.0   
   25-30 2.1 1.3-3.2 0.001 1.9 1.3-3.0 0.003 2.0 1.2-3.1 0.005 1.9 1.2-3.1 0.006
   ≥30 4.7 2.93-7.6 <0.001 4.2 2.6-6.8 <0.001 4.2 2.7-6.7 <0.001 3.9 2.5-6.3 <0.001
No MetS-BMI (kg.m-2)d
   <25 1.0    1.0    1.0    1.0   
   25-30 1.7 1.0-3.1 0.063 1.6 0.9-2.9 0.096 2.3 1.2-4.3 0.010 2.3 1.2-4.3 0.012
   ≥30 3.8 1.7-8.9 0.002 3.6 1.5-8.4 0.003 2.2 1.0-4.7 0.039 2.2 1.0-4.7 0.044
MetS-BMI (kg.m-2)
   <25 3.0 1.3-6.9 0.007 3.1 1.3-7.0 0.007 9.3 3.9-22.1 <0.001 8.8 3.7-21.2 <0.001
   25-29.9 3.6 2.1-6.1 <0.001 3.4 2.0-5.8 <0.001 7.7 4.0-14.7 <0.001 7.7 4.0-14.9 <0.001
   ≥30 6.5 3.8-11.2 <0.001 5.7 3.3-9.9 <0.001 13.5 7.4-24.6 <0.001 12.6 6.9-23.2 <0.001
  1. BMI, body a mass index, calculated as weight (kg) divided by height (m) squared; MetS, metabolic syndrome.
  2. a. OR adjusted for age, family history of diabetes, history of CVD, education, smoking, and intervention
  3. b. Reference: individuals without MetS
  4. c. Reference: normal-weight individuals
  5. d. Reference: normal-weight individuals without MetS