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Table 5 Multivariate analyses of concurrent multiple health risk behaviors among boys and girls by socio-demographic backgrounds and peer influence

From: Concurrent multiple health risk behaviors among adolescents in Luangnamtha province, Lao PDR

Variable Boys Girls
  Adjusted OR 95%CI Adjusted OR 95%CI
Age     
   14-15 1   1  
   16-19 2.2 1.33 - 3.60 1.31 .84 - 2.03
Attending school     
   Out-of school 1   1  
   In school 0.53 .33 - .86 0.65 .40 - 1.06
Adolescent's education     
   Illiterate 1   1  
   Primary 1.44 .48 - 4.28 0.19 .08 - .46
   Secondary & others 1.42 .47 - 4.32 0.17 .06 - .45
Ethnicity     
   Lao 1   1  
   Akha 2.2 1.04 - 4.61 0.88 .40 - 1.93
   Hmong & Yao 0.48 .26 - .90 0.38 .18 - .80
   Khamu 1.56 1.02 - 2.38 0.97 .61 - 1.54
Living arrangement     
   Other 1   1  
   Family 0.94 .49 - 1.82 1.63 .69 - 3.86
Father's education     
   Illiterate 1   1  
   Primary 1.27 .77 - 2.10 0.77 .45 - 1.29
   Secondary & others 1.24 .70 - 2.20 0.61 .32 - 1.16
Mother's education     
   Illiterate 1   1  
   Primary 0.92 .59 - 1.41 0.92 .56 - 1.48
   Secondary & others 0.72 .37 - 1.39 0.97 .46 - 2.03
Peers using alcohol     
   No 1   1  
   Yes 1.88 1.10 - 3.21 2.55 1.59 - 4.09
Peers smoking     
   No 1   1  
   Yes 3.11 2.10 - 4.60 1.83 .89 - 3.73
Peer using drug     
   No 1   1  
   Yes 1.9 .77 - 4.67 1.72 .59 - 5.02
Peers being sexually active     
   No 1   1  
   Yes 1.31 .90 - 1.92 2.82 1.65 - 4.8
Peers have been pregnant     
   No 1   1  
   Yes 1.87 .93 - 3.77 0.89 .341 - 1.96
  1. Note: Odds ratios (OR) were calculated using an ordinal logistic regression analysis. Categories of health risk behaviors (HRB: none, one, two or more) were mutually exclusive. Odds ratios reflect one-unit change in the independent variables.