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Table 1 Association between background characteristics of mobile female sex workers and experience of violence in four southern states of India (N = 5,498)

From: Experience of violence and adverse reproductive health outcomes, HIV risks among mobile female sex workers in India

Background characteristics All FSWs FSWs who experienced violence
  Total Sample Percent Experienced violence Adjusted OR2,a(95% CI) Type of violence experienced (%) Adjusted OR2,b(95% CI)
    No (%) Yes (%) p-value1   Sub-Sample Physical violence (%) Sexual violence (%) p-value1  
Age            
<30 years 2,815 51.2 70.6 29.4 .047 1.1 (1.0-1.2)* 829 29.6 70.4 <0.001 1.4 (1.1-1.8)**
≤30 years 2,683 48.8 68.4 31.6   Referent 847 43.6 56.4   Referent
Education            
No formal education 1,893 34.4 63.8 36.2 <0.001 1.4 (1.3-1.6)*** 685 33.4 66.6 .014 1.3 (1.1-1.6)*
Formal education 3,603 65.6 72.5 27.5   Referent 990 38.8 61.2   Referent
Marital status      <0.001       
Currently married 1,848 33.6 72.7 27.3   Referent 505 38.8 61.2 <0.001 Referent
Unmarried 795 14.5 74.6 25.4   0.9 (0.7-1.2) 202 21.8 78.2   1.6 (1.1-2.2)**
Formerly married 2,853 51.9 66.1 33.9   1.3 (1.1-1.5)*** 968 38.6 61.4   0.9 (0.7-1.1)
Duration of sex work      <0.001       
<5 years 3,560 64.8 71.9 28.1   Referent 1,001 32.3 67.7 <0.001 Referent
≥5 years 1,938 35.2 65.2 34.8   1.3 (1.2-1.5)*** 675 43.1 56.9   0.8 (0.6-0.9)*
Type of sex work c      <0.001       
Brothel 1,182 21.5 72.9 27.1   Referent 320 31.9 68.1 0.002 Referent
Lodge 437 7.9 69.6 30.4   1.3 (1.0-1.7)* 133 27.1 72.9   1.3 (0.8-2.2)
Street 1,998 36.3 68.7 31.3   1.3 (1.1-1.6)** 625 40.2 59.8   0.8 (0.6-1.0)
Home 1,095 19.9 72.1 27.9   1.0 (0.9-1.3) 306 41.8 58.2   0.8 (0.5-1.0)
Highway 786 14.3 62.8 37.2   1.7 (1.4-2.1)*** 292 33.2 66.8   0.9 (0.6-1.2)
Degree of mobility            
1-3 places 1,687 30.7 68.8 31.2 0.24 Referent 526 34.0 66.0 0.13 Referent
4+places 3,811 69.3 69.8 30.2   0.9 (0.8-1.0) 1,150 37.8 62.2   0.9 (0.7-1.1)
Total 5,498 100.0 69.5 30.5    1,676 36.6 63.4   
  1. 1 Chi-sq. test; 2 AOR - Adjusted Odds Ratio (adjusted for all the variables in this table)
  2. * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001
  3. a Dependent variable: Experienced violence (No - 0, Yes - 1).
  4. b Dependent variable: Type of violence (Physical violence - 0, Sexual violence - 1)
  5. c Type of sex work: As recorded by the interviewer based on recruitment site.