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Table 1 Selected Characteristics of 1010 Look AHEAD Participants

From: Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status, Depression, and Health Status in the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) Study

Socio-demographic Characteristics  
Age (years) 59.2 ± 6.7
Sex  
   Male 421 (41.7)
Education (years)  
   ≤12 161 (15.9)
   13 - 16 329 (32.6)
   16+ 520 (51.5)
Race  
   Black 276 (27.3)
   White 650 (64.4)
   Other or Hispanic 84 (8.3)
Income  
   <$20,000 74 (7.3)
   $20,000-$40,000 181 (17.9)
   $40,000-$60,000 211 (20.9)
   $60,000-$80,000 179 (17.7)
   ≥$80,000 365 (36.2)
Body mass index [BMI, kg/m2] 36.2 ± 5.8
   Overweight [25-29.9] 132 (13.1)
   Obese [30-39.9] 640(63.4)
   Extreme Obesity[≥40] 238 (23.5)
Neighborhood Census Tract Indicators  
Percent Below Poverty [Range = 0, 0.67] 0.11 ± 0.10
   Tertile 1 (<0.05)  
   Tertile 2 (0.05-0.11)  
   Tertile 3 (>0.11)  
Cubbin Deprivation Score [Range = -2.9, 2.8] -0.006 ± 0.79
   Tertile 1 (<-0.34)  
   Tertile 2 (-0.34-0.31)  
   Tertile 3 (>0.31)  
Diez-Roux Deprivation Score [Range = -18.7, 12.0] 0.003 ± 5.1
   Tertile 1 (<-2.00)  
   Tertile 2 (-2.00-2.59)  
   Tertile 3 (>2.59)  
Depression  
Beck Depression Score [Range = 0, 30] * 4.72 ± 4.39
Health Status  
Physical Functioning [Range = 19, 58] 48.51 ± 7.85
Role Limitations-Physical [Range = 26, 56] 44.03 ± 12.07
Bodily Pain [Range = 22, 60] 49.59 ± 8.68
General Mental Health [Range = 23, 60] 49.40 ± 6.78
Role Limitations-Emotional [Range = 19, 54] 46.58 ± 12.37
Social Functioning [Range = 17, 57] 52.77 ± 7.60
Vitality [Range = 29, 65] 49.98 ± 6.81
General Health [Range = 23, 64] 45.89 ± 8.37
General Health Composite Score [Range = 22, 61] 45.63 ± 8.89
Mental Health Composite Score [Range = 23, 62] 50.08 ± 7.53
Physical Health Composite Score [Range = 20, 63] 47.77 ± 8.17
  1. *N = 948
  2. All results presented as N(%) or mean ± SD
  3. Higher Cubbin and Diez-Roux score = lower SES