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Table 3 Final model of independent associations with albuminuria (ACR≥2.5 mg/mmol in men, ≥3.5 mg/mmol in women) and renal impairment (eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2) in DRUID participants (n = 860)

From: High rates of albuminuria but not of low eGFR in Urban Indigenous Australians: the DRUID Study

  Albuminuria OR† (95% CI) Renal Impairment OR† (95% CI)
Age (years) 1.01 (1.00-1.03) 1.05 (1.01-1.10)
HbA1c (%) 1.33 (1.15-1.54) -
High BP 2.62 (1.54-4.47) -
Albuminuria with high BP** - 12.94 (2.33-71.7)
Albuminuria without high BP** - 14.8 (2.75-80.0)
High BP without albuminuria** - 8.24 (1.54-44.1)
No albuminuria, no high BP** - 1.0
Triglycerides (mmol/L) *   3.03 (1.52-6.04)
CRP (mg/L)* 1.22 (1.01-1.49)  
Non-smoker -  
Ex-smoker 0.88 (0.47-1.64)  
Current smoker 1.79 (1.06-3.01)  
  1. *log transformed
  2. Adjusted for all variables for which an estimate is shown
  3. **n = 54 for albuminuria with high BP, 73 for albuminuria without high BP, 107 for high BP without albuminuria and 626 without albuminuria without high BP.