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Table 2 Comparison of anthropometric and biochemical characteristics of groups (mean, 95%CI)

From: Risk of metabolic syndrome among children living in metropolitan Kuala Lumpur: A case control study

Description Overweight/obese Normal-weight
  (N = 209) (N = 193)
  Mean (95%CI) Mean (95%CI)
Height (cm) † 146.7 (145.7, 147.8) ** 139.7 (138.6, 140.9)
Weight (kg) † 54.4 (52.9, 56.0) ** 31.2 (30.3, 32.0)
BMI (kg/m2) † 25.1 (24.6, 25.6) ** 15.8 (15.5, 16.1)
Fat mass (%)† 29.8 (28.2, 31.4) ** 18.6 (17.5, 19.6)
Fat free mass (%)† 70.2 (68.6, 71.8) ** 81.4 (80.4, 82.5)
Waist circumference (cm) † 77.2 (76.0, 78.5) ** 55.9 (55.1, 56.7)
Hip circumference (cm) † 91.5 (90.4, 92.6) ** 72.3 (71.4, 73.1)
Waist height ratio† 0.5 (0.5, 0.5) ** 0.4 (0.3, 0.4)
Waist hip ratio† 0.8 (0.8, 0.9) ** 0.7 (0.7,0.8)
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/L) † 5.0 (4.9, 5.1) 5.0 (4.9, 5.0)
Triglycerides (mmol/L) # 1.1 (1.0, 1.2)** 0.8 (0.7, 0.9)
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) † 1.3 (1.2, 1.3)** 1.5 (1.4, 1.5)
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L) # 3.0 (2.9, 3.1)* 2.9 (2.8, 3.0)
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)# 4.8 (4.6, 4.9) 4.7 (4.6, 4.8)
SBP (mmHg) † 109.4 (108.0, 110.7)** 100.9 (99.7, 102.2)
DBP(mmHg) † 67.1 (65.5, 68.5)** 64.4 (63.0, 65.7)
  1. †denotes independent t test
  2. #denotes Mann-Whitney U test
  3. ** significant at p < 0.001
  4. *significant at p < 0.05