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Table 3 General characteristics between three levels of adherence to the management programme among hypertensive people

From: Implementing a hypertension management programme in a rural area: local approaches and experiences from Ba-Vi district, Vietnam

Characteristics Drop out§
(n = 61)
Irregular follow-up§
(n = 84)
Regular follow-up§
(n = 314)
Age (year) (mean ± SD) 62.6 ± 15.4 63.3 ± 15.5 66.7 ± 12.5*
Male (%) 49.2 50.0 45.5
Education    
Primary school or lower (%) 33.3 48.2 46.5
Secondary school or higher (%) 66.7 51.8 53.5
Marriage status    
Married (%) 84.4 75.0 73.3
Other (%) 15.6 25.0 26.7
Occupation    
Manual workers (%) 46.7 50.0 24.4 **
Other (%) 53.3 50.0 75.6 **
Distance to health station (km) 1.1 ± 0.5 1.0 ± 0.5 1.0 ± 0.5
Having insurance (%) 33.3 41.1 47.0
Initial blood pressure categories    
Pre-hypertensive stages + (%) 0.0 0.0 0.7
Hypertension stage I (%) 62.3 60.7 28.0 **
Hypertension stage II (%) 26.2 22.6 38.2 **
Hypertension stage III (%) 11.5 16.7 33.1 **
Number of behavioural CVD risk factors 0.8 ± 0.8 0.8 ± 0.8 0.6 ± 0.7
History of cardiovascular diseases (%) 18.0 ** 27.4 ** 43.6 **
History of other chronic diseases (%) 6.6 7.1 10.2
Family history of CVD (%) 8.2 17.9 16.2
Changes in blood pressure    
Systolic BP reduction (mmHg) 17.6 ± 15.6 ** 29.2 ± 16.0 ** 55.5 ± 21.7 **
Diastolic BP reduction (mmHg) 7.9 ± 7.3 ** 15.9 ± 8.8 ** 28.7 ± 11.9 **
Hypertension stage changes 1.1 ± 1.1 ** 1.7 ± 1.1 ** 3.2 ± 1. 2**
Number of drugs to combine 0.9 ± 0.9 ** 1.5 ± 1.0 ** 2.5 ± 0.7 **
Number of tablets to take daily 0.9 ± 1.1** 1.4 ± 1.2 ** 2.6 ± 1.4 **
Drug side effects or minor diseases (%) 0.0 1.2 1.3
Major adverse cardiac events (%) 3.3 4.8 1.3
  1. § Adherence to management program: regular: one check-up per 1-2 months; irregular: one check-up per 3-6 months; drop-out: less than one check-up per 6 months.
  2. + Hypertensive people but well treated; * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01