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Table 1 General characteristics of hypertensive people, who did not join, joined after screening survey or joined the management programme later

From: Implementing a hypertension management programme in a rural area: local approaches and experiences from Ba-Vi district, Vietnam

Characteristics Hypertensives after screening New participants
(n = 141)
  Did not join
(n = 151)
Joined
(n = 318)
 
Age (years) (mean ± SD) 54.7 ± 16.1** 65.5 ± 14.1 65.6 ± 12.4
Male (%) 42.4 46.2 48.2
Education status    
Primary school or lower (%) 26.5** 45.0 ** -
Secondary school or higher (%) 73.5 ** 55.0 ** -
Marital status    
Married (%) 82.1 75.2 -
Other (%) 17.9 24.8 -
Occupation    
Manual worker (%) 51.7 ** 32.1 ** -
Other (%) 48.3 ** 67.9 ** -
Distance to health station (km) 0.95 ± 0.48 1.00 ± 0.49 -
Having insurance (%) 35.8 44.0 -
Having voluntary insurance (%) 4.6 3.1 -
Initial systolic BP (mean ± SD) 148.5 ± 16.8 ** 163.4 ± 19.4 ** 174.5 ± 21.2 **
Initial diastolic BP (mean ± SD) 88.3 ± 9.1 ** 92.7 ± 11.6 ** 96.7 ± 13.1 **
Initial blood pressure categories    
Pre-hypertensive stages + (%) 0.7 0.6 0.0 **
Hypertension stage I (%) 79.5 ** 45.9 ** 22.0 **
Hypertension stage II (%) 12.6 ** 32.4 36.9
Hypertension stage III (%) 7.3 ** 21.1 ** 41.1 **
Number of behavioural CVD risk factors 1.0 ± 0.8 ** 0.6 ± 0.8 0.7 ± 0.8
Having history of CVD (%) 20.5 ** 50.9 ** 6.4 **
Having history of chronic disease (%) 16.6 * 10.1 7.1
Having family history of CVD (%) 31.1 ** 14.8 17.0
  1. + Hypertensive people but well treated; * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01