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Table 3 Standardized mortality ratio by cause of death, injecting-drug status and sex in HIV-infected subjects compared with persons in the general population not diagnosed with HIV infection; Navarre, Spain, 1999-2006

From: Mortality by causes in HIV-infected adults: comparison with the general population

  Observed deaths Expected deaths Standardized mortality ratio (95% CI)
All HIV-infected subjects     
All-cause deaths 210 15.0 14.0 (12.2-16.1)
Non-AIDS deaths 104 15.0 6.9 (5.7-8.5)
   Liver disease 36 0.5 69.0 (48.1-78.6)
   Non-AIDS defining cancer 17 5.4 3.2 (1.8-5.1)
   Drug overdoses or addiction 23 0.5 46.0 (29.2-69.0)
   Cardiovascular disease 8 2.6 3.1 (1.3-6.1)
   Suicide 7 0.7 9.6 (3.8-19.7)
   Other external causes 4 3.0 1.3 (0.4-3.4)
   All other causes 9 1.8 5.1 (2.3-9.7)
Injecting drug users     
All-cause deaths 162 9.1 17.7 (15.2-20.8)
Non-AIDS deaths 88 9.1 9.6 (7.7-12.0)
   Liver disease 30 0.3 96.6 (65.2-138.1)
   Non-AIDS defining cancer 12 3.0 4.0 (2.1-7.0)
   Drug overdoses or addiction 23 0.4 63.4 (40.2-95.1)
   Cardiovascular disease 6 1.5 4.0 (1.5-8.6)
   Suicide 5 0.5 10.8 (3.5-25.3)
   Other external causes 4 2.0 2.0 (0.5-5.1)
   All other causes 8 1.1 7.3 (3.2-14.4)
Non-injecting drug users     
All-cause deaths 48 5.9 8.2 (6.0-11.0)
Non-AIDS deaths 16 5.9 2.7 (1.6-4.4)
   Liver disease 6 0.2 28.4 (10.4-62.0)
   Non-AIDS defining cancer 5 2.3 2.1 (0.7-5.0)
   Drug overdoses or addiction 0 0.1 0  
   Cardiovascular disease 2 1.1 1.8 (0.2-6.6)
   Suicide 2 0.3 7.4 (0.89-26.6)
   Other external causes 0 1.0 0  
   All other causes 1 0.7 1.5 (0.04-8.2)
Male     
All-cause deaths 162 12.5 12.9 (11.0-15.1)
Non-AIDS deaths 78 12.5 6.2 (4.9-7.9)
   Liver disease 25 0.5 54.1 (35.0-80.1)
   Non-AIDS defining cancer 13 4.1 3.1 (1.7-5.4)
   Drug overdoses or addiction 20 0.5 43.3 (26.5-66.7)
   Cardiovascular disease 6 2.4 2.5 (0.9-5.6)
   Suicide 4 0.5 7.3 (2.0-18.7)
   Other external causes 3 2.7 1.1 (0.2-3.3)
   All other causes 7 1.4 5.0 (2.0-10.2)
Female     
All-cause deaths 48 2.5 19.5 (14.2-26.1)
Non-AIDS deaths 26 2.5 10.6 (6.9-15.5)
   Liver disease 11 0.1 183.3 (91.5-328.1)
   Non-AIDS defining cancer 4 1.2 3.3 (0.9-8.3)
   Drug overdoses or addiction 3 0.04 78.5 (16.2-229.3)
   Cardiovascular disease 2 0.2 8.0 (1.0-29.0)
   Suicide 3 0.2 16.4 (3.4-47.8)
   Other external causes 1 0.3 2.9 (0.1-16.4)
   All other causes 2 0.4 5.5 (0.7-20.0)