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Table 2 Rural-urban disparities of preventable maternal mortality in China, 1996-2000 and 2001-2005

From: Preventable maternal mortality: Geographic/rural-urban differences and associated factors from the population-based maternal mortality surveillance system in China

  Urban Rural RR b(95% CI)
  Live births Deaths PMMRa Proportion (%) Live births Deaths PMMRa Proportion (%)  
1996-2000          
Coastal 597590 90 15.06 65.7 542370 152 28.03 83.52 1.86 (1.43-2.42)
Inland 426794 102 23.90 75.0 810690 553 68.21 91.56 2.85 (2.31-3.53)
Remote 134319 55 40.95 80.9 373172 560 150.06 97.05 3.66 (2.78-4.83)
Total 1158703 247 21.32 72.4 1726232 1265 73.28 92.81 2.79 (2.42-3.21)*
2001-2005          
Coastal 550516 57 10.35 59.4 482010 82 17.01 73.21 1.64 (1.17-2.30)
Inland 374354 77 20.57 77.0 850264 450 52.92 84.75 2.57 (2.02-3.28)
Remote 131795 44 33.39 75.9 358094 318 88.80 91.38 2.66 (1.94-3.65)
Total 1056665 178 16.85** 70.1 1690368 850 50.28** 85.77 2.38 (2.01-2.81)*
  1. Note. CI = confidence interval.
  2. aPMMR was calculated as the number of preventable maternal deaths per 100 000 live births.
  3. bRR = risk ratio
  4. *Adjusted for regions using CMH
  5. **P < 0.05