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Table 2 Longitudinal analysis of factors associated with crystal methamphetamine use† among sexual minority* males (n = 104).

From: Pathways to HIV risk and vulnerability among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered methamphetamine users: a multi-cohort gender-based analysis

 

Bivariate

Multivariate

Characteristic

Odds Ratio

95% CI

p-value

Adjusted Odds Ratio

95% CI

p-value

Sociodemographic Characteristics

      

   Age (per year)

0.92

0.89 - 0.96

<0.001

0.93

0.88 - 0.98

0.011

   Aboriginal ancestry (yes vs. no)

2.37

1.17 - 4.79

0.016

2.59

1.17 - 5.77

0.019

   Relationship status (single/dating vs. married/partner)

0.96

0.65 - 1.42

0.842

   

   HIV Status (positive vs. negative)

0.50

0.24 - 1.00

0.051

   

Drug Use

      

   Non-injection cocaine use (yes vs. no)

2.44

1.09 - 5.44

0.029

   

   Crack use (yes vs. no)

1.47

0.89 - 2.43

0.133

   

   Any injection drug use (yes vs. no)

2.31

1.30 - 4.11

0.004

3.98

1.85 - 8.57

<0.001

   Overdose (yes vs. no)

1.52

0.83 - 2.77

0.172

   

   Binge drug use (yes vs. no)

1.50

0.90 - 2.50

0.118

   

Sexual Activities

      

   Number of sex partners (>1 vs. ≤1)

1.91

1.28 - 2.86

0.002

   

   Unprotected intercourse (yes vs. no)

1.86

1.22 - 2.84

0.004

1.62

1.01 - 2.60

0.048

   Sex trade work (ref = no sex trade work)

      

Consistent condom use with clients (yes vs. ref)

2.79

1.62 - 4.82

<0.001

   

Any unprotected sex with clients (yes vs. ref)

3.25

1.44 - 7.37

0.005

   

Violence & Depression

      

   Experience physical violence (yes vs. no)

1.76

1.20 - 2.59

0.004

1.47

0.93 - 2.32

0.100

   Commit physical violence (yes vs. no)

1.90

1.09 - 3.31

0.025

   

   Clinical depression (CES-D ≥16 vs. <16)

1.79

1.15 - 2.79

0.010

1.67

1.01 - 2.76

0.044

Contextual Factors

   Downtown South residency (yes vs. no)

1.45

0.90 - 2.34

0.124

   

   Homeless (yes vs. no)

1.76

1.00 - 3.09

0.050

   

   Area restrictions influence drug use (yes vs. no)

4.02

0.87 - 18.54

0.075

4.18

1.46 - 11.95

0.008

   Use drugs in public (>75% vs. ≤75% of the time)

1.53

0.96 - 2.43

0.073

   
  1. Notes: model adjusted for cohort of recruitment; * "sexual minority" refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, transsexual, or other orientation; † refers to activities in the past 6 months; ‡ CES-D refers to the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale.