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Table 2 Longitudinal analysis of factors associated with crystal methamphetamine use† among sexual minority* males (n = 104).

From: Pathways to HIV risk and vulnerability among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered methamphetamine users: a multi-cohort gender-based analysis

  Bivariate Multivariate
Characteristic Odds Ratio 95% CI p-value Adjusted Odds Ratio 95% CI p-value
Sociodemographic Characteristics       
   Age (per year) 0.92 0.89 - 0.96 <0.001 0.93 0.88 - 0.98 0.011
   Aboriginal ancestry (yes vs. no) 2.37 1.17 - 4.79 0.016 2.59 1.17 - 5.77 0.019
   Relationship status (single/dating vs. married/partner) 0.96 0.65 - 1.42 0.842    
   HIV Status (positive vs. negative) 0.50 0.24 - 1.00 0.051    
Drug Use       
   Non-injection cocaine use (yes vs. no) 2.44 1.09 - 5.44 0.029    
   Crack use (yes vs. no) 1.47 0.89 - 2.43 0.133    
   Any injection drug use (yes vs. no) 2.31 1.30 - 4.11 0.004 3.98 1.85 - 8.57 <0.001
   Overdose (yes vs. no) 1.52 0.83 - 2.77 0.172    
   Binge drug use (yes vs. no) 1.50 0.90 - 2.50 0.118    
Sexual Activities       
   Number of sex partners (>1 vs. ≤1) 1.91 1.28 - 2.86 0.002    
   Unprotected intercourse (yes vs. no) 1.86 1.22 - 2.84 0.004 1.62 1.01 - 2.60 0.048
   Sex trade work (ref = no sex trade work)       
Consistent condom use with clients (yes vs. ref) 2.79 1.62 - 4.82 <0.001    
Any unprotected sex with clients (yes vs. ref) 3.25 1.44 - 7.37 0.005    
Violence & Depression       
   Experience physical violence (yes vs. no) 1.76 1.20 - 2.59 0.004 1.47 0.93 - 2.32 0.100
   Commit physical violence (yes vs. no) 1.90 1.09 - 3.31 0.025    
   Clinical depression (CES-D ≥16 vs. <16) 1.79 1.15 - 2.79 0.010 1.67 1.01 - 2.76 0.044
Contextual Factors
   Downtown South residency (yes vs. no) 1.45 0.90 - 2.34 0.124    
   Homeless (yes vs. no) 1.76 1.00 - 3.09 0.050    
   Area restrictions influence drug use (yes vs. no) 4.02 0.87 - 18.54 0.075 4.18 1.46 - 11.95 0.008
   Use drugs in public (>75% vs. ≤75% of the time) 1.53 0.96 - 2.43 0.073    
  1. Notes: model adjusted for cohort of recruitment; * "sexual minority" refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, transsexual, or other orientation; † refers to activities in the past 6 months; ‡ CES-D refers to the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale.