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Table 2 Effect of various risk factors on the level of maternal emotional distress (scl-5 score) in gestational week 17 among 49,425 pregnant women.

From: Partner relationship satisfaction and maternal emotional distress in early pregnancy

Risk factor Range Mean SD % exposed Crude b Adjusted b 95% CI Beta Unadjusted r
Sociodemographic variables          
   Maternal age (< 20) 0, 1   0.12 1.5 0.79 0.21 0.13, 0.28 0.02 0.09
   Maternal age (20-24) 0, 1   0.32 12.0 0.28 0.06 0.03, 0.08 0.02 0.09
   Single motherhood 0, 1   0.11 1.2 0.88 0.43 0.34, 0.51 0.05 0.09
   Family income 0-12 6.48 2.07   -0.08 -0.03 -0.03, -0.02 -0.06 -0.16
   Mother unemployed 0, 1   0.21 4.6 0.45 0.21 0.17, 0.25 0.04 0.10
   Father unemployed 0, 1   0.18 3.5 0.39 0.09 0.05, 0.14 0.02 0.07
   Mothers' education 0-5 3.35 1.38 17.5A -0.09 -0.02 -0.02, -0.01 -0.02 -0.13
Social network and family          
   Relationship satisfaction 1-6 5.29 0.65   -0.48 -0.38 -0.40, -0.37 -0.25 -0.31
   Number of supportive persons 1-3 2.46 0.57   -0.19 -0.09 -0.10, -0.07 -0.05 -0.11
   Contact frequency (family/friends) 1-3 2.79 0.43   -0.14 -0.06 -0.08, -0.04 -0.03 -0.06
Life strain          
   Work stress 0-9 5.51 1.87   0.05 0.05 0.05, 0.06 0.10 0.10
   Dissatisfaction at work 0-9 1.94 1.62   0.11 0.07 0.06, 0.07 0.11 0.18
   Noisy work 0-6 0.79 1.31   0.07 0.02 0.01, 0.02 0.02 0.09
   Lacking control over work situation 0-6 3.23 1.47   0.03 -0.01 -0.02, -0.01 -0.02 0.05
   Irregular working hours 0, 1   0.33 12.1 0.25 0.11 0.08, 0.13 0.04 0.08
   Mother on sick leave 0, 1   0.40 20.3 0.25 0.17 0.15, 0.19 0.07 0.10
   Children without kindergarten 0, 1   0.32 11.5 -0.06 -0.07 -0.09, -0.04 -0.02 -0.02
   Shift work 0, 1   0.40 20.4 -0.08 -0.08 -0.10, -0.06 -0.03 -0.03
   Housing situation 0, 1   0.40 20.5 0.20 0.08 0.06, 0.10 0.03 0.08
Life events          
   Frequent moving 0-4 1.16 1.17 5.3A 0.10 0.05 0.05, 0.06 0.06 0.11
   Previous violence experience 1-3 1.03 0.24   0.41 0.08 0.04, 0.12 0.02 0.10
   Current violence experience 1-3 1.02 0.18   0.43 0.10 0.06, 0.15 0.02 0.07
   Previous sexual pressure 1-4 0.01 0.12   0.76 0.25 0.17, 0.32 0.03 0.09
Health and lifestyle          
   Maternal alcohol problems last year 0-16   1.00   0.19 0.09 0.08, 0.10 0.09 0.18
   Maternal smoking 0, 1   0.31 10.7 0.41 0.13 0.11, 0.16 0.04 0.12
   Somatic disease 0-23   1.00   0.16 0.11 0.10, 0.11 0.11 0.16
  1. Significance level for all the predictors in the table: p < 0.001.
  2. Additional predictors included in the analyses with significant unique effects on scl-5 (p < 0.01):
  3. Mother student/military, Fathers' education, Living in a nuclear family.
  4. The following predictors had no significant unique effect on scl-5 (p > 0.01):
  5. Mother staying at home, Physically demanding work, Father student/military, Father staying at home, Living with extended family, Living with others, Maternal alcohol consumption, Current sexual pressure/violence.
  6. Effects of the dummy variables indicating missing values on 1-2 working condition items (NS) and indicating 3-5 missing values (b = 0.07, p < 0.001), respectively, are not included in the table.
  7. A: frequency of extreme high score (Frequent moving: 4 or more times the last three years, Mothers' education: more than 4 years university education)