Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and HIV related data of 900 pregnant women

From: Is 'Opt-Out HIV Testing' a real option among pregnant women in rural districts in Kenya?

Characteristic   'Making an informed decision to decline HIV testing' Total N (column %)
   N (row %) N (row %)  
   Yes No  
All women   180 (20%) 720 (80%) 900 (100%)
Age (years) ≤20 100 (20%) 388 (80%) 488 (54%)
  >20 80 (19%) 332 (81%) 412 (46%)
Number of pregnancies including current ≤4 pregnancies 4 (10%) 36 (90%) 40 (4%)
  >4 pregnancies 176 (20%) 684 (80%) 860 (96%)
In stable relationship with child's father Yes 151 (19%) 660 (81%) 811 (90%)
  No 29 (33%) 60 (67%) 89 (10%)
Type of union Married 133 (18%) 589 (82%) 722 (80%)
  Unmarried 47 (26%) 131 (74%) 178 (20%)
Duration of current relationship (years) Not in a relationship 12 (36%) 21 (64%) 33 (4%)
  ≤4 134 (20%) 525 (80%) 659 (73%)
  >4 34 (16%) 174 (84%) 208 (23%)
Formal education (years) Never in school 29 (22%) 102 (78%) 131 (15%)
  ≤8 142 (20%) 572 (80%) 714 (79%)
  >8 9 (16%) 46 (84%) 55 (6%)
Occupation Employed 31 (20%) 127 (80%) 158 (18%)
  Unemployed 149 (20%) 593 (80%) 742 (82%)
HIV tested Yes 172 (20%) 700 (80%) 872 (97%)
  No* 8 (29%) 20 (71%) 28 (3%)
Aware of MTCT after pre-test counseling Yes 161 (19%) 685 (81%) 846 (94%)
  No 19 (35%) 35 (65%) 54 (6%)
Aware of PMTCT after pre-test counseling Yes 160 (20%) 658 (80%) 818 (91%)
  No 20 (24%) 62 (76%) 82 (9%)
Aware that HIV testing is done at ANC before visit Yes 106 (16%) 548 (84%) 654 (73%)
  No 74 (30%) 172 (70%) 246 (27%)
Discussed HIV testing with the partner before ANC visit Yes 101(16%) 520 (84%) 621 (69%)
  No 49 (18%) 230 (82%) 279 (31%)
Knew that HIV testing is voluntary Yes 71 (47%) 79 (53%) 150 (17%)
  No 109 (15%) 641 (85%) 750 (83%)
Tested for HIV at ANC previously Yes 68 (20%) 264 (80%) 332 (37%)
  No 112 (20%) 456 (80%) 568 (63%)
Understood pre-test counseling Yes 140 (17%) 670 (83%) 810 (90%)
  No 40 (44%) 50 (56%) 90 (10%)
  1. * HIV testing kits were lacking