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Table 2 Participants' Characteristics at Baseline by Sex

From: Subjective social status predicts long-term smoking abstinence

  Men n = 195 Women n = 226  
  n[%] or mean (±SD) n[%] or mean (±SD) p value
Demographics    
Race/ethnicity    0.022
   Non-Latino White 59 [30.0] 78 [34.5]  
   Non-Latino Black 58 [29.7] 86 [38.1]  
   Latino 78 [40.0] 62 [27.4]  
Age 41.2 (±11.3) 42.3 (±11.2) 0.888
Partner Status    0.212
   Married/living with partner 72 [37.7] 72 [31.9]  
   Other (e.g., single) 119 [62.3] 154 [68.1]  
Socioeconomic Status    
Annual Household Income    0.061
   <20,000 65 [37.4] 93 [47.0]  
   ≥20,000 109 [62.6] 105 [53.0]  
Educational Level    0.433
   <High school 27 [14.1] 31 [13.7]  
   High school/GED 62 [32.5] 58 [25.6]  
   Some college (no degree) 56 [29.3] 72 [31.9]  
   College degree 46 [24.1] 65 [28.8]  
Employment Status    0.005
   Employed 124 [65.3] 116 [51.6]  
   Unemployed 66 [34.7] 109 [48.4]  
Smoking Characteristics    
Average number of CPD 23.1 (±11.8) 19.4 (±8.4) <0.001
Number of years smoked 21.9 (±11.1) 21.3 (±11.2) 0.627
Social Status Ladder 6.1 (±1.7) 5.7 (±1.8) 0.018
  1. Note: CPD = Self-reported number of cigarettes smoked per day at baseline. GED = General Equivalency Degree.