Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Univariate analysis on (1) patients with fever vs. patients with normal temperature; (2) patients within clusters vs. non-cluster patients.

From: Surveillance of febrile patients in a district and evaluation of their spatiotemporal associations: a pilot study

(1) Patients with fever vs. patients with normal temperature (n = 1066)
  Fever (n = 448) Normal temperature (n = 618) Odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
Age (mean ± SD) 51.7 ± 31.7 60.8 ± 25.7 -
Age ≤12 years (number, %) 87 (19.4%) 54 (8.7%) 2.52 (1.75, 3.62)
Age 13 years to 64 years (number, %) 166 (37.1%) 235 (38.0%) 0.96 (0.75, 1.23)
Age ≥65 years (number, %) 195 (43.5%) 329 (53.2%) 0.68 (0.53, 0.87)
RCHE* residents (number, %) 98 (21.9%) 106 (17.2%) 1.35 (1.00, 1.84)
Infections diagnosed (number, %) 209 (47.2%) 48 (7.8%) 10.55 (7.44, 14.95)
(2) Patients within clusters vs. non-cluster patients (all had fever, n = 448)
  Cluster (n = 171) Non-cluster (n = 277) Odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
Age (mean ± SD) 56.2 ± 30.7 49.0 ± 32.0 -
Age ≤12 years (number, %) 27 (15.8%) 60 (21.7%) 0.68 (0.41, 1.12)
Age 13 years to 64 years (number, %) 63 (36.8%) 103 (37.2%) 0.99 (0.66, 1.46)
Age ≥65 years (number, %) 81 (47.4%) 114 (41.2%) 1.29 (0.88, 1.89)
RCHE* residents (number, %) 57 (33.3%) 41 (14.8%) 2.88 (1.82, 4.57)
Infections diagnosed (number, %) 85 (49.7%) 124 (44.8%) 1.20 (0.82, 1.76)
  1. *RCHE: residential care homes for elderly.
  2. Defined as 3 or more spatially associated patient-episodes with fever during each 3 consecutive days.
  3. p-value < 0.05