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Table 3 Factors associated with contact with HIV prevention activities in the past 12 months (N = 1318)

From: Contact with HIV prevention services highest in gay and bisexual men at greatest risk: cross-sectional survey in Scotland

  Obtained free condoms from a bar/club/sauna or the Internet Picked up sexual health leaflet in a bar/club/sauna or looked for safer sex/sexual health information on the Internet Talked to an outreach worker in a bar/club/sauna Participated in one to one or group counselling on sexual health or HIV prevention
  n % OR
(95% CI)
n % OR
(95% CI)
n % OR
(95% CI)
n % OR
(95% CI)
Sample characteristics             
Survey location             
Edinburgh 414 74.1 1 296 53.0 1 73 13.1 1 47 8.4 1
Glasgow 550 72.5 0.92
(0.72-1.18)
378 49.8 0.88
(0.71-1.10)
105 13.8 1.07
(0.78-1.47)
58 7.6 0.90
(0.60-1.35)
Survey venue             
Bar 910 73.2 1 627 50.4 1 168 13.5 1 101 8.1 1
Sauna 54 72.0 0.94
(0.56-1.58)
47 62.7 1.65
(1.02-2.67)
10 13.3 0.98
(0.50-1.95)
4 5.3 0.64
(0.23-1.78)
Sexual orientation             
Gay 873 74.0 1 604 51.2 1 161 13.6 1 90 7.6 1
Bisexual 76 67.3 0.72
(0.48-1.09)
60 53.1 1.08
(0.73-1.59)
15 13.3 0.97
(0.55-1.71)
13 11.5 1.57
(0.85-2.92)
Straight 8 47.1 0.31
(0.12-0.82)
5 29.4 0.40
(0.14-1.14)
0 0 - 1 5.9 0.76
(0.10-5.77)
Age             
16-25 years 299 79.1 1 198 52.4 1 65 17.2 1 38 10.1 1
26+ years 655 70.7 0.64
(0.48-0.85)
469 50.6 0.93
(0.73-1.19)
111 12.0 0.66
(0.47-0.92)
65 7.0 0.68
(0.44-1.03)
Area of residence             
Glasgow 400 74.3 1 280 52.0 1 85 15.8 1 47 8.7 1
Edinburgh 341 75.9 1.09
(0.82-1.46)
238 53.0 1.04
(0.81-1.34)
60 13.4 0.82
(0.58-1.18)
37 8.2 0.94
(0.60-1.47)
Rest of Scotland 141 69.1 0.77
(0.54-1.10)
104 51.0 0.96
(0.69-1.32)
20 9.8 0.58
(0.35-0.97)
10 4.9 0.54
(0.27-1.09)
Rest of UK 42 62.7 0.58
(0.34-0.99)
28 41.8 0.66
(0.40-1.11)
6 9.0 0.52
(0.22-1.25)
7 10.4 1.22
(0.53-2.82)
Overseas 21 77.8 1.21
(0.48-3.05)
12 44.4 0.74
(0.34-1.60)
2 7.4 0.43
(0.10-1.83)
1 3.7 0.40
(0.05-3.03)
Ethnicity             
White (UK, Irish or other) 933 73.3 1 639 50.2 1 168 13.2 1 101 7.9 1
Minority ethnic group* 29 65.9 0.70
(0.37-1.33)
33 75.0 2.97
(1.49-5.93)
9 20.5 1.69
(0.80-3.58)
3 6.8 0.85
(0.26-2.79)
Qualifications             
Secondary 146 74.9 1 85 43.6 1 24 12.3 1 17 8.7 1
Further/vocational 337 73.3 0.92
(0.63-1.35)
243 52.8 1.45
(1.03-2.03)
63 13.7 1.13
(0.68-1.87)
30 6.5 0.73
(0.39-1.36)
Degree/post-graduate 420 73.6 0.93
(0.64-1.36)
306 53.6 1.49
(1.08-2.07)
78 13.7 1.13
(0.69-1.84)
42 7.4 0.83
(0.46-1.50)
Frequency of gay scene use             
Once month or less 197 60.2 1 139 42.5 1 30 9.2 1 18 5.5 1
2/3 times a month 261 73.7 1.85
(1.34-2.56)
182 51.4 1.43
(1.06-1.94)
36 10.2 1.12
(0.67-1.87)
24 6.8 1.25
(0.67-2.35)
1/2 times a week 338 78.2 2.37
(1.73-3.26)
245 56.7 1.77
(1.33-2.37)
62 14.4 1.66
(1.05-2.63)
30 6.9 1.28
(0.70-2.34)
4/5 times a week 144 86.2 4.13
(2.52-6.76)
95 56.9 1.79
(1.23-2.60)
41 24.6 3.22
(1.93-5.39)
27 16.2 3.31
(1.77-6.21)
HIV treatment optimism 1            
Disagree 696 74.2 1 497 53.0 1 123 13.1 1 73 7.8 1
Agree 236 72.2 0.90
(0.68-1.20)
153 46.8 0.78
(0.61-1.00)
46 14.1 1.09
(0.75-1.56)
28 8.6 1.11
(0.70-1.75)
HIV treatment optimism 2            
Disagree 778 73.7 1 545 51.6 1 138 13.1 1 72 6.8 1
Agree 154 73.7 1.00
(0.71-1.40)
105 50.2 0.95
(0.70-1.27)
31 14.8 1.16
(0.76-1.77)
29 13.9 2.20
(1.39-3.49)
Sexual Health             
HIV test in the past 12 months             
No 460 69.0 1 296 44.4 1 52 7.8 1 23 3.4 1
Yes 486 78.6 1.66
(1.29-2.13)
366 59.2 1.82
(1.46-2.27)
121 19.6 2.88
(2.04-4.07)
79 12.8 4.10
(2.54-6.62)
Other STI test in the past 12 months             
No 470 66.1 1 313 44.0 1 57 8.0 1 32 4.5 1
Yes 489 81.6 2.28
(1.76-2.95)
357 59.6 1.88
(1.51-2.34)
119 19.9 2.85
(2.03-3.98)
70 11.7 2.81
(1.82-4.33)
HIV status (oral fluid specimen result)             
HIV-negative 787 73.1 1 558 51.8 1 149 13.8 1 82 7.6 1
HIV-positive 35 76.1 1.17
(0.59-2.34)
32 69.6 2.13
(1.12-4.03)
7 15.2 1.12
(0.49-2.55)
11 23.9 3.81
(1.87-7.79)
Did not provide oral fluid specimen 139 72.4 0.97
(0.69-1.36)
82 42.7 0.69
(0.51-0.95)
22 11.5 0.81
(0.50-1.30)
12 6.3 0.81
(0.43-1.51)
Sexual Risk Behaviours in past 12 months             
Number of sexual partners             
Less than 10 644 69.5 1 450 48.5 1 111 12.0 1 66 7.1 1
10 or more 296 85.1 2.50
(1.81-3.47)
211 60.6 1.63
(1.27-2.10)
62 17.8 1.59
(1.14-2.24)
37 10.6 1.55
(1.02-2.37)
Number of anal intercourse partners             
Less than 10 813 72.2 1 568 50.4 1 139 12.3 1 86 7.6 1
10 or more 122 90.4 3.61
(2.01-6.50)
88 65.2 1.84
(1.27-2.67)
32 23.7 2.21
(1.43-3.41)
16 11.9 1.63
(0.92-2.87)
Number of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) partners             
0/1 partner 816 72.4 1 576 51.1 1 142 12.6 1 83 7.4 1
2 or more partners 135 84.4 2.06
(1.32-3.22)
90 56.3 1.23
(0.88-1.72)
34 21.3 1.87
(1.23-2.84)
22 13.8 2.01
(1.21-3.31)
UAI with casual partners             
No 737 72.0 1 513 50.1 1 129 12.6 1 79 7.7 1
Yes 214 81.1 1.66
(1.19-2.33)
153 58.0 1.37
(1.04-1.80)
47 17.8 1.50
(1.04-2.16)
26 9.8 1.31
(0.82-2.08)
UAI with partners of unknown/discordant HIV status             
No 701 72.6 1 503 52.1 1 127 13.1 1 74 7.7 1
Yes 250 77.9 1.33
(0.99-1.80)
163 50.8 0.95
(0.74-1.22)
49 15.3 1.19
(0.83-1.70)
31 9.7 1.29
(0.83-2.00)
STI             
No 870 72.4 1 593 49.3 1 148 12.3 1 77 6.4 1
Yes 89 81.7 1.70
(1.03-2.80)
76 69.7 2.37
(1.55-3.61)
26 23.9 2.23
(1.39-3.58)
24 22.0 4.13
(2.48-6.86)
  1. OR = odds ratio; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval; significant odds ratios are shown in italics, p < 0.05.
  2. *Black African, Black Caribbean, Indian, Pakistani, Chinese, Arab, Latin American & Other/Mixed.
  3. † HIV treatment optimism 1 - 'I am less worried about HIV infection now that treatments have improved', HIV treatment optimism 2 - 'I believe that new drug therapies make people with HIV less infectious'.