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Table 1 Characteristics of households surveyed in Cairo city (n = 3,622)

From: Risk perception and priority setting for intervention among hepatitis C virus and environmental risks: a cross-sectional survey in the Cairo community

  Overall
(n = 3,622)
Main study with
3 health hazards
(n = 2,603)
Validation study with
2 health hazards
(n = 1,019)
Characteristics of household heads    
Male, No. (%) 3,029 (83.6) 2,184 (83.9) 845 (82.9)
Age, mean (SD), yr 49.8 (12.2) 49.7 (12.2) 50.1 (12.2)
Education, No. (%)    
   Primary school 986 (27.2) 717 (27.6) 269 (26.4)
   Secondary school 1,455 (40.2) 1,041 (40.0) 414 (40.6)
   University 1,181 (32.6) 845 (32.4) 336 (33.0)
Main occupation, No. (%)    
   Public sector employee 930 (25.7) 669 (25.7) 261 (25.6)
   Private sector employee 897 (24.7) 639 (24.5) 258 (25.3)
   Own business 619 (17.1) 444 (17.1) 175 (17.2)
   Retired/housewife 1,176 (32.5) 851 (32.7) 325 (31.9)
Health status, mean (SD), VAS score 76.7 (16.9) 76.5 (16.8) 77.2 (17.3)
Characteristics of households    
Number of adults, mean (SD) 3.0 (1.5) 3.0 (1.5) 2.9 (1.5)
Number of children, mean (SD) 1.0 (1.2) 1.0 (1.2) 1.0 (1.3)
Monthly income, mean (SD), EGP 521 (369) 520 (364) 522 (383)
New rental, No. (%) 443 (12.2) 327 (12.6) 116 (11.4)
Bimonthly water bill, mean (SD), EGP 12.8 (9.7) 12.9 (9.8) 12.8 (9.6)
Diseases related to health hazards, No. (%)*    
   Hepatitis C virus 238 (7.2) 189 (7.3) 49 (7.2)
   Unsafe water 681 (20.7) 528 (20.3) 153 (22.5)
   Outdoor air pollution 1,186 (36.2) 948 (36.4) 238 (35.3)
Air quality at time of interview    
Monthly Particulate Matter PM10, mean (SD), μg/m3 239 (62) 239 (62) 239 (64)
24 h SO2, mean (SD), μg/m3 30.1 (12.2) 31.1 (12.5) 29.9 (11.4)
  1. * Self-declared diseases in the household included overall 5.7% chronic hepatitis, 1.7% liver failure, 1.1% liver cancer related to hepatitis C virus; 17.6% diarrhea, 2.5% acute hepatitis A, 0.9% typhoid, 1.6% kidney failure related to unsafe water; 24.5% asthma attacks, 23.0% chronic bronchitis, 3.8% heart diseases, 1.4% lung cancer related to outdoor air pollution
  2. Note: Except where stated otherwise, values are expressed in percentage of subjects.
  3. Abbreviations: VAS, Visual Analogue Scale; EGP, Egyptian Pound (2005 US$ 1 = EGP 5.75)