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Table 2 Average costs of seasonal influenza (2005US$)

From: Modeling the cost of influenza: the impact of missing costs of unreported complications and sick leave

   Mean Lower bound Upper bound
    (95% CI) (95% CI)
Pharmaceutical cost Tamiflu 285 665   
  Other 2 575 322 691 010 6 401 872
  Sub-total 2 860 986 976 675 6 687 536
Outpatient cost Public 3 415 900 2 215 418 4 758 469
  Private 683 180 243 696 1 475 125
  Sub-total 4 099 080 2 459 114 6 233 594
Inpatient cost Influenza 1 213 563 584 232 2 295 357
  Pneumonia 9 369 162 4 126 879 17 933 785
  Other 4 104 548 2 248 653 6 932 703
  Sub-total 14 687 272 6 959 764 27 161 845
Direct cost   21 647 339 10 982 153 32 312 524
Indirect cost Employees' own sickness 202 247 136 180 927 219 229 780 678
  Employees' children's sickness 28 763 862 28 763 862 28 763 862
  Sub-total 231 010 998 200 103 205 268 132 650
Total   252 658 337 220 086 635 298 627 517