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Table 5 Main determinants of acquiring an abnormal PCQ score 1 during follow-up (multivariate analysis, logistic regression model; n = 832)

From: CT scan screening is associated with increased distress among subjects of the APExS

Variables    
  OR [95% CI] P value
Gender    
Males 1 reference  
Females 0.88 [0.42-1.85] 0.7340
Age    
< 60 years 1 reference  
60-74 years 1.14 [0.76-1.70] 0.5125
> = 75 years 1.75 [0.83-3.54] 0.1675
Smoking    
Non-Smoker 1 reference  
Former Smoker 0.91 [0.62-1.36] 0.0577
Smoker 1.83 [1.00-3.34] 0.0242
Counseling (yes)    
No 1 reference  
Yes 1.35 [0.90-2.04] 0.1442
Exposure    
Nil/light 1 reference  
Moderate 1.24 [0.61-2.51] 0.0901
Heavy 2.34 [1.14-7.79] 0.0178
Do not Know 2.31 [1.12-4.77] 0.0275
CT Scan Results    
Normal 1 reference  
Isolated pulmonary nodules (only) 1.68 [0.86-3.31] 0.1313
Pleural plaques (only) 1.46 [0.79-2.69] 0.2315
Asbestosis (with or without pleural plaques) 1.92 [0.97-3.81] 0.0608
Other diseases (only) 1.49 [0.85-2.62] 0.1633
Two or more of the above diseases 2.04 [0.95-4.37] 0.0673
Unknown results 0.99 [0.53-1.83] 0.9775
  1. 1: Values of PCQ greater than the 95th percentile of the PCQ score distribution in non-exposed subjects (see ref [16])