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Table 3 General Moral Considerations of public health ethics by Childress [8]

From: An overview of ethical frameworks in public health: can they be supportive in the evaluation of programs to prevent overweight?

• producing benefits
• avoiding, preventing and removing harms
• producing the maximal balance of benefits over harms and other costs (often called utility)
• distributing benefits and burdens fairly (distributive justice) and ensuring public participation, including the participation of affected parties (procedural justice)
• respecting autonomous choices and actions, including liberty of action
• protecting privacy and confidentiality
• keeping promises and commitments
• disclosing information as well as speaking honestly and truthfully (often grouped under transparency)
• building and maintaining trust