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Table 2 Causes of death of patients during follow-up after hospital admission for heart failure in the Netherlands.

From: Age- and gender-specific risk of death after first hospitalization for heart failure

  28 days 1-year 5-years
Cause of death Men (n = 2,644) Women (n = 2,661) Men (n = 5,455) Women (n = 5,273) Men (n = 9,677) Women (n = 9,558)
Co-morbidities (%)       
Cardiovascular diseases 65.2 70.2 62.8 65.9 59.2 60.6
   - ischemic heart disease 29.9 24.8 28.2 22.3 26.3 20.0
- AMI 16.6 14.9 14.5 13.0 13.1 11.1
   - congestive heart failure 17.0 21.4 14.7 18.0 12.6 15.7
   - stroke 2.3 3.2 3.0 4.3 3.7 5.3
   - peripheral arterial diseases 1.9 1.2 2.7 1.9 3.2 2.2
   - other cardiovascular diseases 14.1 19.6 14.1 19.3 13.5 17.7
Cancer 7.4 4.8 9.8 6.7 11.2 7.5
   - lung cancer 2.2 0.6 3.3 0.7 3.6 0.8
Diseases of respiratory system 14.8 10.5 13.1 9.2 13.0 10.0
   - COPD 7.3 4.6 6.9 4.3 6.6 4.4
Complications from DM 2.5 3.6 3.2 4.8 3.8 5.5
  1. AMI: acute myocardial infarction, COPD: chronic obstructive respiratory disease, DM: diabetes mellitus