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Table 2 Health Status, Health Care Utilization, and Health Literacy in a National Sample of Adults in Taiwan, 2008

From: Health literacy, health status, and healthcare utilization of Taiwanese adults: results from a national survey

  N % Inadequate HL Marginal HL Adequate HL X2-test
p-value
    N % N % N %  
Self-Reported Physical Health <0.001a
   Very poor 25 1.7 7 3.4 6 2.4 12 1.2  
   Poor 175 11.7 42 20.5 28 11.3 105 11.1  
   Average 756 50.6 99 48.3 125 50.6 532 51.1  
   Good 343 23.0 39 19.0 54 21.9 250 24.0  
   Excellent 194 13.0 18 8.8 34 13.8 142 13.6  
Self-Reported Mental Health <0.01a
   Very poor 15 1.0 4 2.0 3 1.2 8 0.8  
   Poor 176 11.8 40 19.5 26 10.5 110 10.6  
   Average 593 39.7 78 38.0 100 40.5 415 39.9  
   Good 452 30.3 63 30.7 75 30.4 314 30.2  
   Excellent 257 17.2 20 9.8 43 17.4 194 18.6  
Outpatient Clinic Visit <0.01
   Yes 957 64.1 152 74.2 157 63.6 648 62.2  
   No 536 35.9 53 25.8 90 36.4 393 37.8  
Emergency Room Visit 0.277
   Yes 198 13.3 34 16.6 34 13.8 130 12.5  
   No 1295 86.7 171 83.4 213 86.2 911 87.5  
Hospitalization <0.01
   Yes 103 6.9 25 12.2 13 5.3 65 6.2  
   No 1390 93.1 180 87.8 234 94.7 976 93.8  
  1. a Yates' correction was used to adjust for small observations in some of the cells.