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Table 2 Results of multivariate analysis of factors that may influence self-medication with antibiotics for the treatment of menstrual symptoms.

From: Self-medication with antibiotics for the treatment of menstrual symptoms in southwest Nigeria: a cross-sectional study

Independent Variable Odds Ratio 95% Confidence Interval p-value
Cramps    
   No (n = 187) 1.00 - -
   Yes (Mild to severe) (n = 435) 0.57 (0.36 - 0.91) 0.02
Heavy flow/heavy bleeding    
   No (n = 186) 1.00 - -
   Yes (Mild to severe) (n = 436) 1.64 (1.01-2.67) 0.05
Pimples/acne    
   No (n = 182) 1.00 - -
   Yes (Mild to severe) (n = 456) 1.57 (0.98-2.54) 0.06
Education level    
   Preliminary and undergraduate levels (n = 607) 1.00 - -
   Graduate level (n = 73) 0.36 (0.14 - 0.91) 0.03
Major    
   Lab science, public health or medicine (n = 285) 1.00 - -
   Non-science (n = 386) 1.58 (1.03 - 2.50) 0.04
Use of pain relievers to relieve menses symptoms    
   No (n = 411) 1.00 - -
   Yes (n = 276) 3.17 (2.07 - 4.86) <0.001
Age    
   ≤ 20 (n = 346) 1.00 - -
   21-29 (n = 316) 1.09 (0.68-1.74) 0.72
   ≥ 30 (n = 23) 1.78 (0.31-10.1) 0.52
University    
   Babcock University (n = 237) 1.00 - -
   Covenant University (n = 167) 1.13 (0.62-2.07) 0.68
   University of Ibadan (n = 149) 1.61 (0.90-2.88) 0.10
   Obafemi Awolowo University (n = 153) 1.26 (0.69-2.28) 0.45