Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 7 Treatment for hypertension and diabetes

From: Urbanization, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk in a population in transition in Nakuru, Kenya: a population-based survey

  Hypertension Diabetes
  Drug treatment * No treatment % untreated Multivariate adjusted OR (95% CI)*** Treatment** No treatment % untreated Multivariate adjusted OR (95% CI) ***
Number 323 1868    196 91   
Rural 191 621 76% Baseline 86 59 41% Baseline
Urban 132 1247 90% 1.6 (1.2-2.1) 110 32 23% 2.0 (1.1-3.8)
Language         
Kikuyu 232 1213 84% Baseline 152 69 31% Baseline
Kalenjin 20 400 95% 0.5 (0.3-0.8) 15 10 40% 0.9 (0.3-2.1)
Other 72 255 78% 1.3 (0.9-1.8) 29 12 29% 0.9 (0.4-2.0)
Age         
50-59 128 726 85% Baseline 67 40 37% Baseline
60-69 107 561 84% 1.7 (1.2-2.3) 74 29 28% 1.9 (1.0-3.5)
70-79 57 357 86% 2.0 (1.4-3.0) 34 12 26% 3.3 (1.4-7.9)
≥80 31 224 88% 2.0 (1.2-3.3) 21 10 32% 2.6 (0.9-7.3)
Male 93 923 91% Baseline 92 47 34% Baseline
Female 230 945 80% 3.4 (2.5-4.5) 104 44 30% 1.8 (1.0-3.1)
SES score         
1 (poorest) 23 456 95% Baseline 14 11 44% Baseline
2 39 456 92% 1.4 (0.8-2.3) 19 22 54% 0.7 (0.3-2.1)
3 87 493 85% 2.7 (1.7-4.4) 60 24 29% 2.3 (0.9-5.9)
4 (richest) 169 456 73% 4.7 (2.9-7.7) 102 33 24% 2.2 (0.8-5.8)
Schooling         
Any 249 1217 83% 1.3 (1.1-1.5) 41 24 37% 1.2 (0.8-1.8)
None 74 651 90% Baseline 155 67 30% Baseline
  1. *Treatment for hypertension included drug treatment only
  2. **Treatment for diabetes included insulin, tablets or diet control
  3. *** Adjusted for age, sex, urban/rural, ethnic group, SES score, schooling.