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Table 2 Means (and standard error) of cardiovascular risk markers, by gender and urban-rural status

From: Urbanization, ethnicity and cardiovascular risk in a population in transition in Nakuru, Kenya: a population-based survey

  Urban-rural comparison
  Men Women
  No. Urban/Rural Urban Rural Age adjusted p-value No. Urban/Rural Urban Rural Age adjusted p-value
Mean SBP 705/1395 143 (24) 140 (24) <0.0001 726/1550 143 (26) 140 (25) <0.0001
Mean DBP 705/1395 84 (14) 81 (13) <0.0001 726/1550 86 (14) 83 (13) <0.0001
Glucose 692/1373 5.8 (2.9) 4.8 (2.0) <0.0001 704/1527 5.7 (2.8) 5.1 (2.3) <0.0001
Cholesterol 698/1342 4.5 (0.9) 4.3 (0.9) 0.0004 718/1514 4.8 (0.9) 4.7 (1.0) 0.08
BMI 700/1385 24 (6) 22 (4) <0.0001 718/1543 27 (6) 24 (6) <0.0001
Waist 703/1390 92 (13) 86 (11) <0.0001 719/1546 96 (13) 89 (13) <0.0001
WHR 703/1390 0.92 (0.07) 0.92 (0.06) 0.0009 718/1546 0.89 (0.06) 0.89 (0.08) 0.34