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Table 3 Odd-ratios (95% confidence intervals) from logistic regression analysis of long-term illness 1991 (ages 60-79)

From: Marital history, health and mortality among older men and women in England and Wales

  Men Women
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
  OR OR OR OR
Age 1.03*** (1.03-1.04) 1.03*** (1.02-1.03) 1.07*** (1.07-1.08) 1.07*** (1.06-1.07)
Marital history         
1st marriage - long term (20+ years)   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00
1st marriage- since 1971 0.77 (0.59-1.01) 0.74* (0.56-0.96) 0.85 (0.60-1.22) 0.83 (0.58-1.19)
Remarried - long term (20+years) 1.24*** (1.12-1.36) 1.26*** (1.15-1.40) 1.40*** (1.22-1.60) 1.34*** (1.20-1.57)
Remarried since 1971, previously widowed 0.91 (0.77-1.06) 0.93 (0.79-1.09) 1.05 (0.88-1.25) 1.00 (0.83-1.19)
Remarried since 1971, previously divorced 1.05 (0.91-1.22) 1.01 (0.87-1.17) 1.25** (1.09-1.43) 1.16* (1.02-1.33)
Widowed- long term (20+ years) 1.33* (1.04-1.70) 1.10 (0.86-1.41) 1.18*** (1.07-1.30) 1.01 (0.92-1.11)
Widowed- intermediate (10-19 years) 1.35*** (1.16-1.56) 1.18* (1.02-1.38) 1.11** (1.03-1.19) 0.96 (0.89-1.04)
Widowed- recent (< 10 years) 1.26*** (1.16-1.37) 1.12* (1.03-1.22) 1.07* (1.01-1.13) 0.96 (0.91-1.02)
Divorced- long term (20+ years) 1.40* (1.05-1.87) 1.14 (0.85-1.53) 1.42*** (1.18-1.71) 1.15 (0.96-1.39)
Divorced- intermediate (10-19 years) 1.59*** (1.35-1.88) 1.35*** (1.14-1.60) 1.37*** (1.18-1.58) 1.15 (0.99-1.33)
Divorced- recent (< 10 years) 1.53*** (1.24-1.89) 1.39** (1.13-1.72) 1.72*** (1.36-2.16) 1.49** (1.18-1.88)
Never-married 1.22*** (1.11-1.34) 0.97 (0.88-1.06) 1.17** (1.07-1.27) 1.04 (0.96-1.14)
Socioeconomic variables         
Educational qual.1971 (ref. none)    0.84*** (0.77-0.90)    0.88*** (0.79-0.94)
Tenure/car score 1971-91    0.94*** (0.93-0.94)    0.92*** (0.91-0.92)
Social class score 1971-81    0.89*** (0.87-0.90)   --   --
Current marital status         
All in 1 st marriage 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
All remarried 1.12** (1.04-1.20) 1.13** (1.04-1.22) 1.26*** (1.15-1.37) 1.20*** (1.10-1.31)
All widowed 1.29*** (1.20-1.38) 1.14** (1.06-1.22) 1.10*** (1.05-1.15) 0.97 (0.92-1.02)
All divorced 1.54*** (1.37-1.74) 1.33*** (1.18-1.51) 1.45*** (1.30-1.61) 1.21*** (1.09-1.35)
Never-married 1.22*** (1.11-1.34) 0.97 (0.88-1.06) 1.17** (1.07-1.27) 1.04 (0.96-1.14)
N 33,686    41,341   
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001