Skip to main content

Table 5 Multivariate analysis* of characteristics associated with hand cleanliness for mothers/caregivers and children, Rural Bangladesh, 2007

From: Observed hand cleanliness and other measures of handwashing behavior in rural Bangladesh

Characteristic Mothers/caregivers Children
  Adjusted Odds ratio* (95% Confidence Limit) P-value Adjusted Odds ratio* (95% Confidence Limit) P-value
Separate soap available at household for handwashing (spot checked) compared to not available    1.16 (0.89, 1.50) 0.262
Spare soap available at household (spot checked) compared not available 1.13 (0.90, 1.41) 0.297 1.08 (0.84, 1.38) 0.547
Used improved latrine (spot checked the infrastructure) compared to unimproved latrine 1.14 (0.89, 1.45) 0.307 1.17 (0.89, 1.53) 0.261
Water available at handwashing locations after toilet use (spot checked) compared to not available 1.38 (1.10, 1.73) 0.006 1.34 (1.01, 1.77) 0.042
Soap available at handwashing locations after toilet use (spot checked) compared to not available 1.08 (0.88, 1.32) 0.469 1.21 (0.95, 1.53) 0.121
PCA constructed economic status: Economic score is a ordinal variable (quintiles as 1 (poorest), 2, 3, 4, 5 (Richest)) 1.12 (1.04, 1.21) 0.004 1.20 (1.09, 1.31) 0.000
  1. *Odds ratios were calculated using a generalized estimated equations model that accounted for neighborhood clustering using an exchange correlation structure
  2. We didn't include this variable during multivariate analysis with mothers hand cleanliness there was no significant association in the bivariate analysis