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Table 3 Factors associated with knowledge of the specific effects on the child of alcohol exposure in pregnancy

From: Women's knowledge and attitudes regarding alcohol consumption in pregnancy: a national survey

  Know one or more of the diagnoses resulting from alcohol exposure in pregnancy Know that alcohol causes growth problems Agree that drinking alcohol during pregnancy can lead to lifelong disabilities in a child Agree that pregnant women should not drink alcohol Report negative feeling to women drinking alcohol in pregnancy
  Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Highest education level      
   <Year 12 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
   Completed Year 12 1.87* (1.01 to 3.46) 0.98 (0.56 to 1.70) 1.13 (0.68 to 1.89) 1.08 (0.64 to 1.81) 0.80 (0.48 to 1.34)
   Post school below bachelor degree 1.48 (0.83 to 2.65) 1.52 (0.95 to 2.44) 1.32 (0.85 to 2.07) 0.88 (0.56 to 1.38) 0.89 (0.57 to 1.40)
   Bachelor degree or higher 5.62** (3.20 to 9.87) 2.04* (1.26 to 3.31) 2.15* (1.28 to 3.61) 0.87 (0.54 to 1.40) 0.75 (1.47 to 1.21)
Alcohol can cause lifelong disabilities     4.59** (3.22 to 6.54) 3.67** (2.56 to 5.29)
Pregnancy history      
   Not given birth to a child Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
   Given birth to a child 1.13 (0.77 to 1.67) 1.24 (0.84 to 1.83) 0.64 (0.40 to 1.01) 0.59* (0.39 to 0.88) 0.39** (0.26 to 0.60)
Smoker     0.48** (0.34 to 0.69) 0.78 (0.53 to 1.14)
Age      
   18 to 29 years Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
   30 to 45 years 0.72 (0.49 to 1.06) 1.18 (0.81 to 1.72) 0.67 (0.43 to 1.03) 1.01 (0.69 to 1.48) 1.14 (0.77 to 1.68)
  1. Odds ratios for each variable adjusted for age, highest education level and pregnancy history
  2. *p < 0.05. **p < 0.001.