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Table 1 Characteristics of study population (n = 765) by sex

From: Prevalence and correlates of physical disability and functional limitation among community dwelling older people in rural Malaysia, a middle income country

Variables Men Women All
  n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age group       
60-64 111 (38.8) 174 (36.3) 285 (37.2)
65-69 73 (25.5) 99 (20.7) 172 (22.5)
70-74 54 (18.9) 105 (21.9) 159 (20.8)
≥ 75 48 (16.8) 101 (21.0) 149 (19.5)
Ethnic Group       
Malays 205 (71.7) 376 (78.5) 581 (76.0)
Chinese 43 (15.0) 66 (13.8) 109 (14.2)
Indians and Others 38 (13.3) 37 (7.7) 75 (9.8)
Education level       
No formal education 16 (5.6) 189 (39.3) 205 (26.8)
Primary education 220 (76.9) 256 (53.4) 476 (62.2)
Secondary education 43 (15.0) 28 (5.9) 71 (9.3)
Tertiary education 7 (2.5) 6 (1.2) 13 (1.7)
Marital status       
Married 252 (88.1) 232 (48.4) 484 (63.3)
Widowed 33 (11.5) 240 (50.1) 273 (35.7)
Others (single and divorced) 1 (0.4) 7 (1.5) 8 (1.0)
Living Arrangements       
Living alone 12 (4.2) 75 (15.7) 87 (11.4)
Living with others 274 (95.8) 404 (84.3) 678 (88.6)
Cognitive Assessment       
Normal 265 (92.7) 394 (82.3) 659 (86.1)
Borderline cognitive impaired 17 (5.9) 62 (12.9) 79 (10.4)
Probably cognitive impaired 4 (1.4) 23 (4.8) 27 (3.5)
Social support       
At risk of isolation 50 (17.5) 111 (23.2) 161 (21.0)
Not at risk of isolation 236 (82.5) 368 (76.8) 604 (79.0)
Presence of chronic disease       
None 100 (35.0) 149 (31.1) 249 (32.5)
One chronic disease 152 (53.1) 264 (55.1) 416 (54.4)
More than one chronic disease 34 (11.9) 66 (13.8) 100 (13.1)
Depressive Symptomology       
Yes 58 (20.3) 116 (24.2) 174 (22.7)
No 228 (79.7) 363 (75.8) 591 (77.3)
BMI (weight/height2)       
Normal (25.0-29.9) 104 (36.9) 164 (35.1) 268 (35.7)
Underweight (≤ 24.9) 138 (48.9) 195 (41.8) 333 (44.5)
Overweight (≥ 30.0) 40 (14.2) 108 (23.1) 148 (19.8)