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Table 3 The ORs for current smoking associated with individual-level and company-level lack of reciprocity at worka

From: Multi-level, cross-sectional study of workplace social capital and smoking among Japanese employees

  Empty model Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Fixed effects     
Individual-level variables     
   Individual lack of reciprocity (vs. reciprocity)b   1.17 (0.80-1.71)   1.15 (0.79-1.69)
   Women (vs. men)   0.14 (0.09-0.22) 0.14 (0.09-0.22) 0.14 (0.09-0.22)
   Age (in 10 years unit)   0.84 (0.74-0.97) 0.85 (0.75-0.97) 0.84 (0.74-0.97)
   Manual (vs. non-manual) work   0.85 (0.54-1.33) 0.85 (0.55-1.32) 0.85 (0.55-1.34)
   Basic (vs. higher) educational achievement   1.53 (1.13-2.08) 1.52 (1.12-2.06) 1.52 (1.12-2.07)
   High (vs. low) alcohol use   1.68 (1.25-2.28) 1.67 (1.25-2.25) 1.68 (1.25-2.26)
   No (vs. yes) physical activity   0.98 (0.73-1.30) 0.97 (0.73-1.29) 0.98 (0.73-1.30)
   25 or larger (vs. < 25) BMI (kg/m2)   0.90 (0.63-1.28) 0.90 (0.64-1.28) 0.90 (0.64-1.28)
   High blood sugar   1.15 (0.68-1.94) 1.13 (0.67-1.89) 1.15 (0.68-1.94)
   High blood pressure   0.73 (0.48-1.11) 0.73 (0.48-1.11) 0.73 (0.48-1.10)
   Low HDL and/or high triglyceride   0.75 (0.54-1.04) 0.75 (0.54-1.04) 0.75 (0.54-1.04)
Company-level variable     
   Company-level lack of reciprocityc    1.05 (0.89-1.23) 1.06 (0.89-1.24)
Random effects     
   Company-level variance (SD) 0.204 (0.094) 0.076 (0.071) 0.078 (0.069) 0.068 (0.070)
   Median odds ratio 1.54 (1.26-1.87) 1.30 (1.03-1.61) 1.31 (1.04-1.61) 1.28 (1.03-1.61)
Deviance Information Criterion 1470.45 1254.23 1252.28 1255.63
  1. BMI, body mass index; CI, credible interval; HDL, high density lipoprotein; OR, odds ratio; SD, standard deviation.
  2. a All models except for empty model are adjusted for sex, age, occupational status, education, alcohol consumption, physical activity, body mass index, and co-morbid conditions (high blood sugar, high blood pressure, and low HDL and/or high triglyceride).
  3. b Individual-level lack of reciprocity was group-mean centered in model 3.
  4. c Company-level lack of reciprocity was defined as the proportion of the employees reporting lack of reciprocity within the company. The odds ratios associated with a one-standard deviation change in the company-level lack of reciprocity (11.2%) are shown.